L. Population Served by User-owned Health Coops

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                   Advance Unedited Version

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  REVIEW OF NATIONAL EXPERIENCE IN PROMOTING AND SUPPORTING
   THE CONTRIBUTION OF CO-OPERATIVES TO SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT:
 
  CO-OPERATIVE ENTERPRISE IN THE HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE SECTORS
      A GLOBAL REVIEW AND PROPOSALS FOR POLICY COORDINATION
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CHAPTER II.

L.  POPULATION SERVED BY USER-OWNED HEALTH CO-OPERATIVES

As is shown in Table 2 it would seem that at least 52,220,000
persons are users of health co-operatives: this is a total based
upon reasonable estimates.  To this total should be added a
possible 900,000 members of other co-operatives and trade unions
in Malaysia and Singapore who are eligible to use health co-
operatives. It would be reasonable to state that about 53 million
persons use health co-operatives at present.  Of course, it is
not known what proportion of the health needs of the individual
are met as a result of their use of health co-operatives. About
79 per cent (42,265,000) are in developed regions (Japan, Europe,
Israel and North America).  

About 75 per cent, at least 39,081,000 persons are served by
their own user-owned health co-operatives. The largest national
groups of users are those in Japan (29,740,000), the United
States (4,000,000), Israel (3,500,000), Canada (1,000,000) and
India (750,000). 

Information on the numbers of persons who use social care co-
operatives is not available. In 1995 almost one hundred million
people were members of mutual social insurance enterprises in the
European Union. Mutual social insurance has been well developed
also in many Latin American countries since the late nineteenth
century, but statistics of membership are not available for that
region. 92/