Explanatory Note

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   This document has been made available in electronic format
      by the International Co-operative Alliance ICA
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  REVIEW OF NATIONAL EXPERIENCE IN PROMOTING AND SUPPORTING
   THE CONTRIBUTION OF CO-OPERATIVES TO SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT:
 
  CO-OPERATIVE ENTERPRISE IN THE HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE SECTORS
      A GLOBAL REVIEW AND PROPOSALS FOR POLICY COORDINATION
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EXPLANATORY NOTE

Co-operatives are business enterprises, although they are not
for-profit enterprises.  A global review of the engagement of co-
operatively organized business enterprises in the health and
social care sectors of necessity includes some reference to
individual enterprises. Indeed one of the purposes of the review
is to identify enterprises engaged in this sector as a means to
encourage collaboration between them, and the development of
partnerships with them by Governments and other stakeholders.  
Nevertheless, mention of individual co-operative enterprises in
this publication does not imply endorsement by the United
Nations.

In United Nations editorial usage since 1991 no hyphen is used
in the word "cooperative", whether or not applied to a type of
business enterprise or association. However, in the international
co-operative movement outside North America the hyphen is used,
and is included in the titles of all individual co-operative
organizations and enterprises.  As these organizations are
mentioned frequently throughout the Global Review, and
substantial quotations are made from documents produced by them,
the hyphen is used in the spelling of "co-operative" throughout
for the sake of consistency in presentation.