Appendix 3 - ICA Resolution on Co-operative Development Policy

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    This document has been made available in electronic format
         by the International Co-operative Alliance ICA 
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                         August, 1996


Source : An ICA Policy for Co-operative Development, Studies and
Reports, ICA, London, 1983, 28 pp. Hard copy available in French,
German, Spanish and Russian.

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          An ICA policy for Co-operative Development
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                         Appendix 3

               International Co-operative Alliance
          Resolution on Co-operative Development Policy


The Central Committee of the International Co-operative
Alliance at its meeting in Rome in October, 1982:

Declares       continued support for the Technical Assistance
               policy statement made in Congress 1954 and
               endorsed in 1970 when the Co-operative
               Development Decade was introduced in support of
               the United Nations Second Development Decade;

Having         a world-wide experience of co-operative
               methods, urges economic co-operation as a means
               for the improvement of the living standards of
               people everywhere, including the developing
               countries;

Believes       that co-operation can best be understood by
               people working together for common good, in
               self-help and mutual aid;

Convinced      that in the conditions of developing countries
               and on the evidence that, when organised to
               cover real needs expressed by their members,
               co-operatives offer the best alternative for
               the improvement of the living standards of
               people and the enhancement of human welfare and
               dignity;

Asks           those engaged in all forms of co-operative
               service to understand and communicate the true
               meaning of the nature of co-operation, as
               stated by Dr. Laidlaw in `Co-operatives in the
               Year 2000'.

               `The overriding concept present in all co-
               operatives is this: a group of people, small or
               large, with a commitment to joint action on the
               basis of democracy and self-help in order to
               secure a service or economic arrangement that
               is at once socially desirable and beneficial to
               all taking part'.

Invites        the co-operative organisations in the
               developing countries to mobilise resources and
               to co-ordinate efforts in a planned expansion
               of the co-operative system at all levels -
               local, regional and national - such expansion
               to be undertaken in close collaboration with
               and support from their respective governments;

Stresses       the importance of education and training by and
               for co-operative leaders to ensure a wide and
               independent co-operative organisation equipped
               to meet the economic and social needs of the
               people, especially in the rural areas where
               food production, processing and distribution
               are so important. Agricultural, productive and
               workers' co-operatives supported by savings and
               credit institutions should have priority;

Emphasises     that the economic problems in fast-growing
               urban areas in the Third World make co-
               operative solutions in retailing distribution,
               housing, banking and insurance increasingly
               important;

Calls          upon governments of developing countries to
               enact appropriate legislation designed to
               create conditions conducive to independent co-
               operative development and to reflect adequately
               the importance of co-operation in their own
               nations' economic development programme;

Calls          upon the United Nations, the United Nations
               Development Programme (UNDP), and other aid
               funding agencies to ensure that in respect of
               the support for development through co-
               operatives due emphasis is given to the need
               for promotion of co-operatives which are
               voluntary, autonomous and democratic;

Declares       that co-operatives in the industrialised world
               have a special duty to aid the newer co-
               operative movements in the developing countries
               and calls upon them to:

               a)   give organisational, technical and
                    financial support for ICA programmes;
               b)   develop their own bilateral programmes in
                    consultation with the ICA;
               c)   encourage their own government to increase
                    aid to co-operative development, with
                    special emphasis on education and training
                    programmes.

Endorses       and commits this Central Committee and the
               organisations represented therein to the policy
               document of October 1982 entitled `An ICA
               Policy for Co-operative Development'.

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International Co-operative Alliance
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