Index (1994)


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    This document has been made available in electronic format
         by the International Co-operative Alliance ICA 
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                         September, 1994


          (Source:  Report of a Study Commissioned by ICA
          Europe - Co-operative Adjustment in a Changing
          Environment in Sub-Saharan Africa)
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          Co-operative Adjustment in a Changing Environment
                      in Sub-Saharan Africa
                               by
                 Lars-Erik Birgegaard, Consultant
                    Bjorn Genberg,  Consultant
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                               INDEX
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Introduction

Summary

The Situation of Co-operatives in Africa
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1.   Far-reaching economic transformation with profound impact
     on co-operative organizations
2.   Political transformation                                 
3.   Economic reforms strike at the base of the cooperative 
     organizations - their business activities                
4.   Ill prepared to meet the challenges                      
5.   The capacity of cooperative organizations to change      

A Modified Strategy for Co-operative for Co-operative
Development
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6.   The basic orientation of the strategy                    
7.   Improving business efficiency                            
8.   Gender                                                   
9.   The role of the State                                    
10.  Cooperative development outside formal structures        

A Strategy for Co-operative Development Assistance
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11.  Basic principles for donor assistance                    
12.  Support to adjustment of formal cooperative structures or
     support to cooperative development outside these
     structures
13.  Grant support to non-business activities                 
14.  Support to cooperatives with a potential                 
15.  Support programme ideas                                  
16.  The role of ICA                                          
17.  Staff development in cooperative donor agencies          


Mobilization of Resources for Co-operative Development Aid
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18.  Internal and external mobilization                  
19.  Mobilization of internal resources from the coops in
     Europe
20.  External mobilization - the European Union               
21.  The European Union and the cooperatives                  

Methodology
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Chapter 1
The Situation of Co-operatives in Africa
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1.1  The evolution of the crisis
1.2  The causes of the crisis                               
1.3  The cooperative movements and the mounting crisis        
1.4  The early response to the crisis                         
1.5  The structural adjustment programmes                     
1.6  Implications of structural adjustment for the cooperative 
     movements in Africa                                      
1.7  Political transformation                                 
1.8  The status of cooperative organizations                  
1.9  The need for change                                      
1.10 The capacity and the constraints to change               
     

Chapter II
A Strategy for Co-operative Development in Africa
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2.1  Introduction                                             
2.2  The role of the State                                    
2.3  The cooperative movements                                
2.4  Co-operative development outside the established formal 
     co-operative structures                                   

Chapter III
A Development Assistance Strategy Assistance for Co-operative
Development
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3.1  Assistance on a Movement-to-Movement basis               
3.2  Partnership in cooperative development                   
3.3  The donor as a supporter, the receiver as an executor    
3.4  Assistance without creating dependence                   
3.5  The choice between transformation/adjustment of existing
     co-operative organizations and co-operative development
     outside these structures
3.6  Considerations of relevance for support to informal co-
     operative activities
3.7  Only support to organizations with a potential           
3.8  Grant support to non-business activities                 
3.9  Support programme ideas                                  
3.10 The role of ICA                                          
3.11 The staff of cooperative donor agencies                  
     

Chapter IV
Mobilization of Resources for Co-operative Development Aid
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4.1  Introduction                                             
4.2  Role of and sources of capital                          .
4.3  Mobilization of internal resources from the cooperatives
     in the North
4.4  External mobilization - the European Union               
4.5  The European Union and the cooperatives                  
     
     Appendix - List of references