References (1994)

----------------------------------------------------------
    This document has been made available in electronic format
         by the International Co-operative Alliance ICA 
    ----------------------------------------------------------
                         September, 1994


          (Source:  Report of a Study Commissioned by ICA
          Europe - Co-operative Adjustment in a Changing
          Environment in Sub-Saharan Africa - pp.86-90)

                         ***************
                            Appendix 1
                            References
                         ***************


African Confederation of Co-operative Savings and Credit
Associations (ACCOSCA), The Role of Women in Credit Unions in
Africa. A consultancy report, October 1989.

African Confederation of Co-operative Savings and Credit
Associations (ACCOSCA), Plan Africa 2000. Strategic Business
Plan to Support African Credit Union Development into the 21st
Century. Nairobi (undated).

ACI/BRAO, Le programme d'ajustement structurel et le
desengagement de l'etat vis a vis des co-operatives: le cas du
Senegal. Seminaire ACI/BRAO Ouagadougou 18-19/10/90.

ACI/BRAO, Presentation de quelques cas d'unions co-operatives
en Afrique de l'Ouest Francophone.

Albinsson, F., Training for Co-operative Leadership. Swedish
Co-operative Centre, 1993.

Alianza Cooperativa Internacional. Cooperativismo y ajuste
estructural, Retos y oportunidades. San Jose, 1992.

Amani, H.K.R. and Kapunda, S.M., Agricultural Market Reform in
Tanzania: The Restriction of Private Traders and its Impact on
Food Security.

Bergdall, T., Co-operative Adjustment in a Changing
Environment.Longo and Bugisu Workshops. A report on the
process in Uganda. Lusaka 1993.

Braverman, A. et al, Promoting Rural Co-operatives in
Developing Countries. World Bank - Discussion Paper 121.
Washington, 1991.

Basse, R., Ousseynou, D. and Yatma, S., Le Desengagement de
l'Etat du Movement Coopratif. Cas du Senegal. 1992.

Chabala, C. and Oejemark, P., The Development of Independent
Co-operatives in Zambia. Lusaka, 1993.

Chapelier, G. and Tabatabai, H., Development and Adjustment.
Stabilization, Structural Adjustment and UNDP Policy. UNDP,
1989.

Chinery-Hesse, M. et al. Engendering Adjustment for the 1990s.
Report of a Commonwealth Group on Women and Structural
Adjustment. London, 1989.

Co-operative College (Tanzania)/Afro-Aid, A Study of the
Failure of Co-operative Unions and Underlying Reasons on
Mainland Tanzania. Dar es Salaam, 1990.

COPAC, Status and Role of Co-operatives in the Light of New
Economic and Social Trends. A Global Survey. Rome, 1992.

COPAC, Revitalizing Co-operatives in Developing and
Transitional Economies: The Role of Members' Capital. Rome,
1994.

Cranenburgh, van O., Policy Environment and Sustainability of
Co-operatives. The Case of Tanzania. Seminar paper presented
at seminar on Rural Development and the Challenges to Co-
operative Movement in Developing Countries, Helsinki 1992.

Deutsche Stiftung fur Internationale Entwicklung, Savings and
Credit as an Instrument of Self-reliant Development of the
Poor. International Workshop, Feldafing January 25-28, 1988.
Pesissenberg, 1988.

FAO, Planning of programmes and projects for the promotion of
co-operatives and rural groups based on the AMSAC concept.
Rome, 1991.

FAO, Reorienting the Co-operative Structure in Selected East
African Countries. Case studies on Kenya, Tanzania and
Zimbabwe. Rome, 1992.

FAO, Structural Adjustment and Trade Liberalization - Its
Effect on Marketing Institutions and Social Life. Rome, 1993.

FAO, Strategies for the promotion of self-help organizations
of the rural poor. Rome, 1992.

Feingold, J., Strengthening Co-operatives in Developing
Countries. Yearbook of Co-operative Enterprise, 1991.

Finish Co-operative Development Centre, Seminar Report on Role
and Potential of Rural Co-operatives in Liberalizing Economies
of Africa, 1-4 December 1993, Harare, Zimbabwe. Helsinki,
1994.

Fleuret, P., Farmers, Co-operatives, and Development
Assistance in Uganda: An Anthropological Perspective, in
Brokensha, D. and Little, P.D., Anthropology and Development
in East Africa. Boulder Westview, 1988.

Gladwin, C.H., (ed), Structural Adjustment and African Women
Farmers. University of Florida, 1991.

Gyllstrm, B., State-administered rural change. Agricultural
co-operatives in Kenya. Lund 1991.

Hanel, A., State-sponsored Co-operatives and Self-reliance -
Some Aspects of the Reorganization of Official Co-operative
Structures with Regard to Africa. Seminar paper. The
Scandinavian Institute of African Studies, Uppsala, 1986.

Holmen, H., State, Co-operatives and Development in Africa.
Uppsala, 1990. 

Hussi, P. et al, The Development of Co-operatives and Other
Rural Organizations. The Role of the World Bank. World Bank
Technical Paper number 199. Washington, 1993.

ICA, Regional Office for West Africa. La Formation et le
Perfectionnement des Cooperatifs comme Instrument d'Appui 
l'Autopromotion en Afrique de l'Ouest. DSE, Fielderstadt,
1992.

ICA, Mobilisation des resources financieres dans les
coopratives et les organisations d'autopromotion en Afrique de
l'Ouest. Seminaire regional, Lagos Decembre 1992. DSE,
Filderstadt, 1993.

ICA, Recherche de novelles lignes d'action et de strategies
pour un developpement cooperatif propre a l'Afrique de
l'Ouest. Cap-Vert. Feldafing 1987.

ICA, Search for new lines of action and strategies for
co-operative development specific to West Africa. Phase one,
The Gambia country report. (Undated)

ICA, Search for new lines of action and strategies for
co-operative development specific to West Africa, Phase one,
the Nigeria country report. Lagos, 1986.

ICA, Search for new lines of action and strategies for
co-operative development specific to West Africa. Phase one,
the Ghana country report. Accra, 1986.

ICA, Strategy for the Productive Restructuring of Co-operative
Enterprises. Geneva, 1992.

ICA, Regional Office for East, Central and Southern Africa.
Report of the Workshop on Future Perspectives to Promote
Co-operatives and Other Rural Organizations Based on the
Appropriate Management Systems for Agricultural Co-operatives.
Arusha - Tanzania, 21st- 25th June, 1993.

ICA, Regional Office for West Africa, Bulletin Regional
D'Afrique de l'Ouest. Various issues.

ILO, Review of the impact of the recommendation concerning the
role of co-operatives in the economic and social development
of developing countries. Meeting of Experts on Co-operatives,
Geneva, 29 March - 2 April, 1993. Geneva, 1993.

ILO, Co-operatives. A review of co-operative development in
the African region: Scope, impact and prospects. Seventh
African Regional Conference, Harare, November-December 1988.
Geneva, 1988. 

ILO and ICA, ICA Seminar on Co-operative Legislation in West
African Countries, Proceedings, Guine/Conakry, 6-7 November,
1991. Geneva,1992.

Institute of Rural Management, Study of Successful Capital
Formation for Co-operatives in Developing Countries. Document
2, Preliminary Findings. Anand, India, (undated).

Katimgima, P.M., Liberalization of the Kenya Coffee Industry
and its Impact on the Co-operative Coffee Sector of the
Industry. Consultant report to Kenya National Federation of
Co-operatives. Nairobi, 1993.

Kibora, A.S.,Constraints, Democracy and Autonomy in
Co-operatives in West Africa. Seminar paper, Berlin 1991.

Kibora, A.S., Co-operatives in West Africa: Context,
constraints, role. ICA Regional Office for West Africa, 1993.

Kibora, A.S. and Imbsen, J.E., Programme of support to
institutional and human resource development in co-operatives
in West Africa 1993-96. ICA, 1992.

Kibora, A.S., A Critical Analysis of the Present Situation of
Co-operatives and Pre-co-operative Organizations in West
Africa. ICA Regional Office for West Africa, (undated).

Knudsen O. et al. Redefining the Role of Government in
Agriculture for the 1990s. World Bank Discussion Paper no 105.
Washington, 1990.

Lele, U., Co-operatives and the Poor: A Comparative
Perspective. World Development, Vol. 9, No 1, (1981).

Mahuwi, T.J., Country paper, Tanzania. Presented at seminar on
Rural Development and the Challenges to Co-operative Movement
in Developing Countries, Helsinki 1992.

Munkner, H-H., The Legal Status of Pre-Co-operatives.
Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung, 1979.

Munkner, H-H., African Co-operatives and the State in the 90s.
Margburg/Lanhn, 1991.

Munkner, H-H., Strengths and Weaknesses of the Co-operative
Movement in West Africa. Marburg/Lahn, 1987.

Munkner, H-H.,(ed) Towards Adjusted Patterns of Co-operatives
in Developing Countries. Results of a Symposium on "Ways
towards an African Co-operative". Brunswick, 1984.

Munkner, H-H., The Role of Legislation in Creating an
Independent Co-operative Movement. Seminar Paper, December,
7993.

Munkner, H-H. and Shah, A., Creating a favourable climate and
conditions for co-operative development i Africa. ILO, 1993.

Onimode, B., (ed) The IMF, The World Bank, the African Debt
and the Economic Impact. The Institute for African
Alternatives. London, 1989.

Ouedraogo, R., Anastasie, T. and Florentin, A., Projet de
creation d'un fond regional de developpement cooperatif.
ICA-West Africa, Abidjan 1993.

Shah, A.S.,(ed) Structural changes in co-operative movements
and consequences for co-operative legislation in different
regions of the world. Report of a Colloquium held at Marburg,
2-3 July 1993.

Sibale, G.Z., Co-operative Structure under the Process of
Liberalization of Agricultural Marketing System. Seminar paper
presented at seminar on Role and Potential of Rural Co-
operatives in Liberalizing Economies of Africa in Harare
December 1993.

Suba,R. and Kawana, W.K., Co-operative Adjustment in a
Changing Environment: Background Study on Exploration of the
Environment. A study commissioned by the Zambia Co-operative
Federation. Lusaka, 1993.

Thompson, A.M. and Lawrence D.S., Liberalisation of
Agricultural Markets: An Institutional Approach. CDS
Occational Paper No 8, 1991. University of Glasgow.

Turtiainen, T., Factors of Co-operative Success in Developing
Countries. Ibadan, 1992.

United Nations, General Assembly, Economic and Soical Council.
Status and role of co-operatives in the light of new economic
and social trends. Report of the Secretary General. 1992.

World Bank, Adjustment in Africa. Reforms, results, and the
road ahead. A World Bank Policy Research Report. World Bank,
1994.

World Bank, Sub-Saharan Africa. From Crisis to Sustainable
Development. World Bank 1989.