Terms of Reference (1991)

    This document has been made available in electronic format
         by the International Co-operative Alliance ICA 
                         September, 1991

          (Source Report of a Study by the ICA -The Current
          Status and Development Potential of the Co-operative
          Sector in Namibia- pp.41-74)

                 Annex 1 - Terms of Reference

Namibia attained independence in March, 1990. The government
of this newly independent country is seriously concerned with
uplifting the social and economic conditions of the broad mass
of its people. The co-operative form of organization offers an
excellent method for this purpose, especially for rural areas
and people of small means. The government of Namibia is
desirous of utilizing the co-operatives for these purposes.

The International Co-operative Alliance as the World
Confederation of Co-operative Movements for over 95 years has
considerable experience in promoting co-operatives in the
developing countries. It has constituted this Mission in
collaboration with the Government of Namibia and the Swedish
Co-operative Centre, an important ICA Development partner.

The purpose of the study is to assist the Government of
Namibia in formulating its Co-operative Development Programme
based on the authentic concept of Co-operatives, by reviewing
the current status of co-operatives, by identifying the
potential of co-operative development, and by recommending
ways in which this potential can be realized.

The specific objectives are as follows:

A.   To make a review of the current status of the co-
     operative movement with special reference to rural areas;

B.   To review the present status of women's integration into
     the co-operative movement and make recommendations for
     increasing women's participation in co-operative

C.   To identify areas for future co-operative development and
     suggest their incorporation in the Development Plan of
     the country; and

D.   To identify priority needs of assistance to co-operatives
     for securing sound co-operative development.

Terms of Reference
In order to achieve the objectives, the Mission shall carry
out the following tasks:

1.   describe and assess the organizational and administrative
     structure of the co-operative sector with regard to
     democratic control, efficiency, and viability;

2.   assess the adequacy of present co-operative legislation
     and make recommendations for necessary changes;

3.   identify operational weaknesses of the co-operatives and
     causes thereof, internal as well as external;

4.   recommend, on the basis of its findings, how women can be
     further integrated into the co-operative movement and
     their role in co-operatives can be increased;

5.   assess the effectiveness of co-operative education and
     training arrangements for men and women, including
     leadership and skills training;

6.   assess the savings promotion efforts and credit
     activities of co-operatives;

7.   assess how co-operatives reach the rural population, also
     in the most remote areas;

8.   recommend, on the basis of the above study, how existing
     co-operatives can be strengthened and the new economic
     fields in which co-operatives may be organized;

9.   recommend appropriate policies for adoption by the
     Government to foster genuine co-operative development;

10.  examine the role of the co-operative movement in the
     long-term Development Plan of Namibia and suggest, if
     necessary, how this role may be strengthened;

11.  identify priority needs of support of co-operatives in
     the context of the Mission's recommendations; and

12.  identify areas in which in-depth studies would be
     required for promoting co-operative development.

Mission Composition
The Study Mission will comprise the following persons:

1.   Mr. J.M. Rana, Senior Development Adviser, International
     Co-operative Alliance, Geneva: Team Leader.

2.   Mr. B. Kadasia, Manager, Research, Planning and
     Consultancy Project, ICA Regional Office for East,
     Central and Southern Africa, Moshi : Team member.

3.   Mr. Lars Sylvan, Project Officer, Swedish Co-operative
     Centre, Stockholm : Team Member.

The Government of Namibia will provide one or two counterparts
to assist the Mission.


14 January 1991 to 08 February, 1991

1.   Initial briefing sessions will be held with the Director
     of the ICA and the authorities in Namibia before
     commencing field work.

2.   Field work will be carried out for two and a half weeks.
     The field work will include discussions with the policy-
     making and executive personnel of the Government,
     responsible for co-operative development, and visits to
     selected co-operative organisations. Discussions will
     also be held with key institutions such as the Central
     Bank and allied Government departments, whose work
     affects co-operative development.

3.   One week will be devoted for internal discussion among
     the Mission members, formulation of the Conclusions and
     Recommendations and preparation of the Report.

4.   Main Conclusions and Recommendations shall be presented
     and discussed with the Namibian authorities by the
     Mission prior to its departure from Namibia.

Local Assistance
The Government of Namibia will extend all facilities to the
Mission to enable it to carry out its tasks. Specifically the
following facilities will be provided:

1.   One or two counterparts to accompany and assist the

2.   Drawing up in advance the schedule of meetings and visits
     as per the objectives and the terms of reference,
     finalising it in consultation with the Mission, and then
     arranging the programme;

3.   Providing required transport facilities for visits of the
     Mission, especially in the rural area; and

4.   Providing needed secretarial and typing services.

Costs of internal travel of the Mission and the counterparts,
their board and lodging, and secretarial assistance will be
the responsibility of the ICA/SCC.

                    Annex 2 - Mission Programme

Sunday, Jan.13, 1991
          Arrival in Windhoek
          Meeting of Mission Members.

Monday, Jan 14
          Mr. B. Rothkegel, Registrar of Co-operative
          Societies, Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries, Water
          and Rural Development (MOA).

          Mr. H. Dax, Deputy Permanent Secretary, and
          Mr. A. Ndishishi, Director, Manpower Development,
          Ministry of Labour and Manpower Development.

          Mr. Franco Becchi, Senior Programme Adviser, United
          Nations Development Programme (UNDO).

          His Excellency Mr. Sten Rylander, Ambassador of

Tuesday, Jan. 15
          Mr. Paul Fleermuis, Director, Namibian Community Co-
          operative Alliance.

          His Excellency Mr. Gerhardus J. Hanekom, Minister
          and His Excellency Dr. Kaire Mbuende, Deputy
          Minister, Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries, Water
          and Rural Development.

          Mr. Deon Gous, Deputy Permanent Secretary, Ministry
          of Trade and industry.

          Mr. Bertil Hogberg, Representative, Africa Groups of

          Ms. Carsten Norgard, Representative, Denmark
          Solidarity and Development.

Wednesday, Jan. 16
          Mrs. Anna N. Shiweda, Director, Training, MOA

          Mr. A.W. Corbett and Ms. Dianne Hubbard, Legal
          Assistance Centre.

          Mr. B.R. Kukuri, President and Mr. Peter T. Bond,
          Secretary, Namibia National Chamber of Commerce and

Thursday, Jan. 17
          Mr. U. Hiveluah, Permanent Secretary, Ministry of
          Lands, Resettlement and Rehabilitation.

          Ms. Bente Pedersen, Gender Officer, Swedish Embassy.

          Mr. Charles Truebody, Director General, Planning

Friday, Jan. 18
          Mr. Gideon Tsueb, Chairman and Mr. Sam Hengari,
          Manager, Saamstaan Building Co-operative and Credit

          Mr. N. de Klerk, Director, Agriculture, MOA.

          Mrs. Miriam Trubody, Private Sector Foundation.

          Mr. J.B.W. Ford, Lorentz & Bone, Attorneys, Notaries
          and Conveyancers.

          Ms. Megan Biesele and Mr. Kxao Toma, JU/WA Bushman
          Development Foundation.

          Ms. Lindi Kazombaue, National Development Trust and
          Mr. Sandi Sijake, National Job Creation Service.

Monday, Jan. 21          
          Travel to Rundu
          Mr. John Mutorwa, Regional Commissioner
          Mr. Peter Horn, Regional Head, Agriculture

          Mr. S.M. Maruta, Chairman
          Namibia Katemo Agricultural Co-operative, Rundu

          Mr. Johannes Lumbala, Chairman, and
          Mr. F. Wakuduma, Coordinator, Mbangura Woodcraft Co-
          operative, Rundu.

Tuesday, Jan. 22
          Mr. Tsamkxao, Chairman and some members
          Nye Nye Farmers' Co-operative, Tjumkui, Eastern

Wednesday, Jan. 23
          Mr. Oscar T. Norich, Managing Director
          Mr. Kaembo Kasiringua, Pamue Special Co-operative,

          Travel back to Windhoek.

Thursday, Jan. 24
          Mr. K. Kahuure, Director, Rural Development, MOA

          Mr. Nama Simon Goabab, Researcher, Namibian Economic
          Policy Research Unit (NEPRU)

          Mr. Schleberger, Representative, Otto Beneke

          Mr. Pierre Maritz, Executive General Manager,
          Sentraboer Co-operative.

          Mr. N. Shoombe, Permanent Secretary, Ministry of
          Local Government and Housing.

          Mr. John Ya Otto, General Secretary, National Union
          of Namibian Workers.

Friday, Jan. 25
          Mr. Andries Wahl and Mr. Maurice Vermeulen
          Assistant General Managers, Agra Co-operative

          Prof. C.P.G. Tapscott, Director, National Institute
          for Social and Economic Research, University of

          Adv.J.G.Louwrens, General Manager, Alfa Co-

          Departure for Namaland

          Visit to Orange Co-operative

Saturday, Jan.26
Sunday, Jan. 27
          Visit to co-operatives affiliated to Namibian
          Community Co-operative Alliance.

          Return to Windhoek.

Monday, Jan. 28
          Vilho Nghipondoka, Permanent Secretary of
          Agriculture and Rural Development, Ministry of
          Agriculture, Fisheries, Water and Rural Development.

Afternoon Discussion among Mission Members to formulate
          preliminary recommendations.

Tuesday, Jan. 29 and
Wednesday, Jan. 30 morning.
          Discussion continued and formulation of preliminary

Afternoon Presentation of Preliminary Recommendations to the
          Representative Meeting and Discussions.

Thursday, Jan. 31
          Mr. Albievan Rooyen, Manager, Agricultural
          Development Institute for Management and Leadership

          Mr. Permain Erlank, General Manager, Land and
          Agricultural Bank.

          Mr. C. Du Toit, Senior Project Leader, First
          National Development Corporation.  

Friday, Feb.1 to
Friday, Feb.8
          Ms. Eunice M. Iipinge, Assistant Coordinator for
          Foreign Affairs and Information, SWAPO Women's

          His Excellency John D. Odede, High Commissioner of
          the Republic of Kenya.

          His Excellency Shiv Shanker Mukerjee, High
          Commissioner of the Republic of India.

          Martin Aiff, Manager, Namibia Craft Centre.

          Mr. Gift Kazombaue, Namibian Credit Union Movement.

          Mr. J. Schwettmann, ILO Regional Adviser on Co-
          operatives for Central, Southern and Central Africa,

          Winding up discussions with Mr. B. Rothkegel,
          Registrar of Co-operative Societies.

          Discussion among Mission Members and Preliminary
          Drafting of the Report.

               Annex 5 : List of Reference Material

1.   Association of Agricultural Economists of Namibia,
     `Namibia's Agriculture at the time of Independence'
     March, 1990, pp.8.

2.   A.C./ Braby (Pty) Ltd., `Namibia: A review of Commerce
     and Industry, 1990', pp.64.

3.   Biesele Megan, `Shaken Roots: the Bushmen of Namibia',
     EDA Publications, 1990, pp.19.

4.   COPAC:

     i)   `Draft Co-operative Information Note: Namibia' July,

     ii)  `Co-operatives in Namibia: Draft' December, 1990,
          Mimeo, pp.47.

5.   Directorate Agriculture, Windhoek, "Report on the FAO
     Mission to determine Grain Production for 1990 in
     Namibia", August, 1990, Mimeo, pp.19.

6.   First National Development Corporation Ltd. and the
     Department of Economic Affairs, :

     i)   "Namibia: Development and Investment" revised
          edition, 1989, pp.304.

     ii)  "Information for Investors", 1987, pp.24.

     iii) "Position Papers", Mimeo, July, 1990.

7.   Government of the Republic of Namibia with the assistance
     of the United Nations, "The Reconstruction and
     Development of Namibia", Vol.I, II, III, May, 1990,

8.   International Labour Office, Southern African Team for
     Employment Promotion & United Nations Institute for
     Namibia, "Rural Development: Options for Namibia after
     Independence", 1985, pp.154.

9.   Ministry of Finance, Government of the Republic of
     Namibia, "Statistical/Economic Review", 1990, pp.23.

10.  Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, "The
     Constitution of the Republic of Namibia", pp.80.

11.  Official Gazette Extraordinary of South West Africa `Co-
     operative Societies Ordinance, No.15 of 1946', December,
     1977, pp.308-439.

12.  Overseas Development Institute, London, `Economic
     Prospects for Namibia' August 1989, p.4.

13.  Namibia Foundation, `Namibia Brief', November 1990,

14.  Namibia Institute for Social and Economic Research,
     University of Namibia:

     (i)  "Health and Daily Living Survey of Windhoek, Namibia
          (1988-1989", 1990, Mimeo, pp.70.

     (ii) "The Land Issue in Namibia: An Inquiry", 1990,
          Mimeo, pp.186.

15.  The Economic Intelligence Unit Ltd.:

     (i)  "Namibia: Country Profile 1989-90", 1989, pp.44.

     (ii) "Namibia, Botswana, Lesotho, Swaziland: Country
          Report", 1990, pp.54 + annexes.

16.  United Nations Development Programme:

     (i)  "Base Studies on Financial, Economic and Social
          Aspects for the Arrangements for Independence of
          Namibia: A Macroeconomic and Sectoral Overview of
          the Economy of Namibia", September, 1989, Mimeo,
          pp.37 + annex.

     (ii) "Base Studies on Financial, Economic, and Social
          Aspects for the arrangements for Independence of
          Namibia - Agricultural Mission: Namibia", September,
          1989, Mimeo, pp. 100+Ma~s.

17.  UNICEF, "Household Food Security in Northern Namibia",
     November, 1989, Mimeo, pp.67.

18.  United Nations Institute for Namibia, "Namibia:
     Perspectives for National Reconstruction and
     Development", 1986, pp.1008.

(Annex 4 of this document contain Maps of Namibia showing
Road, Railways and Harbours, Rainfall, Land Tenure and Total
Population Distribution - which is available, if needed, on
request to the International Co-operative Alliance, Geneva).