Resolution on Sustainable Human Development

This document has been made available in electronic format
     by the International Co-operative Alliance ICA
                     January 1996

    Resolution on Co-operatives and Sustainable Human
            (submitted by the ICA Board)

1.   During recent years the term "Sustainable Human Development" has been
increasingly used to identify a form of economic and social development
which is both people-centred and respectful of the environment.  Although
the concept originated in connection with developing countries, it is
relevant to all parts of the world.

2.   As institutions whose fundamental purpose is to meet the needs of
their members, co-operatives by their very nature contribute in an
important way to sustainable human development.  As the United Nations
General Assembly recognised in a 1994 Resolution, "co-operatives in their
various forms are becoming an indispensable factor in the economic and
social development of all countries, promoting the fullest possible
participation in the development process of all population groups,
including women, youth, disabled persons and the elderly."

3.   The General Assembly therefore welcomes the report on "Co-operatives
and Sustainable Human Development", presented to the ICA Centennial
Congress in Manchester in September 1995, and commends it to the membership
for review.

4.   The General Assembly takes particular note of the "Co-operative Agenda
21" contained in the report, and reaffirms its view that co-operatives
should ensure that both their institutional performance and their member
education programmes place high importance on environmental considerations.

5.   The General Assembly is of the view that the ICA can most effectively
contribute to sustainable human development through the activities of its
Regional Offices, and therefore expresses its support for the continued
growth and strengthening of the ICA's regional structure.

6.   The General Assembly recognises the contribution which many of the ICA
Specialised Bodies have already made in this area, and expresses its view
that they should increase their collaboration with the ICA, both globally
and regionally, in order to make the most effective use of available

7.   Finally, recognising that the ICA structure is a transparent and
cost-effective means of promoting sustainable human development, the
General Assembly recommends the establishment of an "ICA Trust Fund", to be
controlled by the ICA Board, for the purpose of strengthening the ICA's
current development programme; and further recommends that ICA member
organisations make regular contributions to this Fund, both to commemorate
the ICA Centennial and to indicate their support for ICA's role, in
collaboration with its members, as a catalyst of co-operative development.