***Reports of the Working Parties*** **Working Party on Co-operative Communications (WPoCC)** *Executive Committee* Chairmen: M. MacKenzie, Canada (1988 - 91) P. Dines, Denmark (1991 - 92) Vice-Chairman: A. Fomin, USSR (1988 - 92) Members: K. Aboul Kheir, Egypt (1988 - 92) A. Barbosa, Portugal (1988 - 92) P. Dines, Denmark (1988 - 92) G. Krinelke, GDR (1988 - 90) D. Strey, FRG (1990 - 91) I. Williamson, UK (1988 - 92) H. Kempinnen, Finland (1991 - 92) Secretary: M. Treacy (ICA) Milton MacKenzie left the CCA in 1991 and officially resigned from the Working at the Plenary Meeting in Berlin. At the request of the committee, Poul Dines agreed to take over as Acting Chairman until the next elections at the Tokyo meeting in October 1992. *Membership* The Working Party has 41 individuals in membership (including 3 honorary members) from 22 countries. Of these, about 1/3 are active members. The WPoCC has its own modest budget since a small subscription fee was introduced in 1987. This income is supplemented by in-kind support from some of the organizations in membership of the WPoCC. As the Working Party's workplan complements that of ICA, and working party members help the Communications Department with reporting services at ICA meetings, paid up members of the WPoCC do not have to pay the subscription fee to Central Committee and Congress. Starting in 1992 paid-up members will receive an ICA Press Card which will automatically grant them this right. *Activities* In 1988 the Working Party agreed on a workplan which included: providing input to ICA News, the promotion of ICA publications, updating the Directory of Co-operative Press, provision of a news service to the ICA Congress and Central Committee Meetings, and planning a campaign of support for the ICA Resolution adopted in Stockholm, that 1995 would be declared International Year of Co-operatives. *Meetings* The Working Party plans its meetings to coincide with ICA Central Committee and Congress. An Executive meeting is also scheduled to coincide with these meetings with a second meeting held in the Spring and hosted by the ICA or a member of the WPoCC Exco. Since the Stockholm Congress plenary meetings have been held in New Delhi, Madrid and Berlin, and Executive meetings in Copenhagen, Geneva and Rochdale as well as at the above mentioned locations. A meeting planned for Cairo in 1991 had to be re-located due to the Gulf War. *Photo Competition* An ICA photo competition on the theme of "The Worldwide Co-operative Family" was organized in 1991 by WPoCC, together with ICA member organization, Verband de Konsumgenossenschaften (VdK). An excellent exhibition was made from the entries, and this was put on display at the meeting in Berlin. The exhibition, which can be viewed at the ICA head office where it has been set up as a semi-permanent display, is available on loan to co-operative organizations provided they meet transport costs. The winning entrants were requested to make their negatives available to the ICA so that copies of the photographs could be printed in the ICA Publications. *Development Workshop for Young Journalists* In 1991 a Young Journalists' Workshop was organized by the working party. This took place at the International Institute of Journalism in Berlin. Thirteen participants from Eastern and Central Europe, Africa and Asia attended a five week course in journalistic skills and techniques and then assisted with the production of the Central Committee News Bulletin. This provided them with the "hands-on" experience necessary for them to qualify for the Course Diploma. Resource people were provided by the Working Party and the IIJB, ICA member organizations in the UK and Sweden and Incotec; guest lecturers from the ICA Tourism Committee and the ICA Women's Committee. Financial support, including sponsoring of student travel was supplied by the WPoCC, ME Magazine of Finland, the Friedrich Neumann Foundation, Dr. Kamal Hamdy Abul-Kheir of the Higher Institute of Managerial Studies (Egypt), the ICA Tourism Committee, the ICA Central Banking Committee. The course was very successful, with 12 out of 13 students qualifying for the Course diploma, and positive feedback was received from both resource people and participants (copies of the workshop assessment are available from the ICA Communications Dept.). *Publications* In the year 1987 - 88 the Committee for the Promotion of Aid to Co-operatives provided staff and printing services for the updating of the Directory of Co-operative Press. From 1990 onwards Co-op Novos Pioneiros, Portugal, agreed to provide annual updates for the Directory. These are based on the responses to questionnaires distributed by the Secretariat. *Conference News Service* Delegate reactions to the daily newsletter produced at the 1988 Stockholm Congress were overwhelmingly positive. As a result of this it was agreed that the group would collaborate with host organizations and the ICA Communications Department in the production of daily bulletins at future Congresses and Central Committee Meetings. In the period under review, daily bulletins were issued in Stockholm (three 4-page issues and one 8-pager); New Delhi (two 4-page issues and one 8-pager with colour insert); Madrid (three 4-page issues in English and three 4-page issues in Spanish); and Berlin (three 4-page issues plus a special welcome to Berlin issue). A similar newsletter is planned for the Tokyo Congress. *Co-operation with Other ICA Committees* The Working party has always had strong affinities with the Working Party of Co-operative Librarians and Documentation Officers (WPoCLIDO) and when the ICA Structure Committee suggested that this group merge with the Research Working Party, WPoCLIDO suggested to the WPoCC plenary in Berlin, that a merger between the two working parties would be more appropriate. The WPoCC agreed and the merger will take effect at the ICA Congress in Tokyo in October 1992. The Tourist Committee, Central Banking Committee, Women's Committee and Incotec all contributed to the ICA/IIJB Jouralists' Workshop organized by the WPoCC (see above). *Future Direction* During the next few years the working party plans to tailor its activities to complement ICA plans for the 1995 Year of Co-operatives, ICA's Centennial. Some possibilities being examined are the elaboration of a common policy for implementation by journalists belonging to all ICA member organizations, the organization of regional meetings for co-operative journalists, and the production of a WPoCC Press Pack to promote the co-operative movement. It is thought that, in future years, a press pack could be published every year to coincide with International Co-operative Day. It is also hoped that it will be possible to continue arranging, and to improve on, the journalists' workshop, provided that funding can be found, and to republish the Directory of Co-operative Press every 2-3 years. **WPoCLIDO** *Executive Committee* Chairman: Bernard Howcroft, United Kingdom Executive: Roy Garratt, United Kingdom Secretary: Aline Pawlowska, ICA WPoCLIDO held its 17th meeting on October 27 - 28, 1988 in Geneva and its 18th meeting on October 14 - 16, 1991 in Berlin. A workshop for co-operative librarians from India was organized in October 1989 in New Delhi in conjunction with the ICA Central Committee meeting. Thanks to support from the Regional Office and its Library Consultant, Mr. B. D. Pandey, 15 participants from India and one from Sri Lanka studied modern management techniques and computer application. The implications of the ICA's changing structure were thoroughly discussed during the Berlin meeting. It was suggested that the WPoCLIDO, having had a long association with the Communications Working Party, should merge with the latter. The proposal was accepted by the Plenary Meeting of the WPoCC. Accordingly the recommendation was drafted by the Chairman of the WPoCLIDO and, with the approval of the Chairman and Secretary of WPoCC, presented to the session of the ICA Central Committee dealing with new structures. The recommendation being approved by the Central committee, the merger will take effect in January 1993, subject to endorsement by Congress. The Chairman of WPoCLIDO since 1977, Mr. Bernard Howcroft, has retired from the British Co-operative Wholesale Society after 44 years' service. Manager of the CWS Library and Information Unit, Mr. Howcroft joined WPoCLIDO in 1961 and has given outstanding service to the ICA. *Background & Justification of Merger* The meeting in Berlin last October of the ICA Communications and Librarians Working Parties marked the initial stages of the merger of these two bodies as envisaged in the ICA structure report. As both Working Parties were engaged in the dissemination of information and have had a close and friendly working relationship over many years it seemed natural and logical that the two should merge. This has been particularly welcomed by the Working Party of Librarians, Information and Documentation Officers which has been suffering in recent years from diminishing concern by Co-operative organizations in the developed world to devote adequate financial resources to provision for libraries,archives and generally to the dissemination of information. The result has been a progressive reduction in attendance of librarians and documentation officers at the Working Party's meetings. So often, when long serving Working Party members have retired, they have not been replaced by their organizations. The Communications Working Party is extremely conscious of the advantages of this merger and is anxious that there should not be a mere token representation of the librarians on the new working party. The journalists on the working party recognize the value of close collaboration with their library colleagues and hope that this merger will spur their respective Co-operative organizations to realize that considerable benefits can stem from international collaboration between the journalists and the librarians. For a number of years, officers of the Librarians' Working Party attended the Press (now Communications) Working Party's meetings as fraternal delegates and at the invitation of the Press Working Party a paper was presented on the utilization of Co-operative libraries by journalists. *History of WPoCLIDO* The ICA Working Party of Librarians, Information and Documentation Officers has a remarkable history of service to the ICA and its member-organizations. Over the years it has provided practical guidance and information to Co-operative libraries all over the world. This Working Party began its service to the world-wide Co-operative Movement outside the umbrella of the International Co-operative Alliance. Informal contacts in the 1950s between the librarians of Kooperativa Forbundet (Sweden), Coop Nederland, and what is now Coop Suisse led them to seek to broaden contacts with fellow-librarians and other information specialists, principally in Europe. Indeed, some research workers demonstrated their own interest in furthering international contacts by participating in the Working Party's activities before the specialist ICA Research Officers' Working Party was established. It seemed obvious to W.P. Watkins, then Director of the ICA, that such a valuable international group should come within the ICA fold and he welcomed members of the infant organization to the ICA's London headquarters at the end of April 1954, when a plenary meeting was held. In the ensuing years, membership of the Working Party continued to grow with representatives attending from a number of Eastern European countries and from North and South America. The attendance of the ICA Librarian from the ICA Regional Office in New Delhi led to the involvement of librarians in South East Asian co-operatives in international activities. Whilst useful information and ideas were exchanged at Working Party meetings, these discussions also usually led to practical action. There was seen to be a need for basic guidance in the operation of newly-established Co-operative library and information services in many countries. Indeed information was frequently requested on how to start a library or information centre. To meet these needs, Cornelius Kamp, the Working Party's Chairman, at that time assisted by Werner Kellerhals, Coop Suisse librarian, wrote in 1962 a manual for librarians and documentation officers based on their long Co-operative experience. This manual is still relevant and has been supplemented in more recent times by a series of specialist library guides written and edited by members of the working party. Among the subjects and activities covered are "Press Cuttings" (1980), "Archives Organization and Administration" (1980) and the "Introduction of Automation in Libraries"(1981). Early in the Working Party's deliberations, terminology used by participants was seen to have different meanings in various countries so another need was identified. From these initiatives, the ICA Director and its Librarian (W.P. Watkins and Anne Lamming) produced the volume (still relevant today) "A Vocabulary of Co-operative Terms" published in 1973. In view of the quantity of literature about various Co-operative Movements, the Working Party published a manual of basic books on the Co-operative Movements of several ICA member-countries aimed specifically for researchers, educationalists and students wishing to study the essential works. Also a Directory of Co-operative Information resources was published in 1980 to assist the Working Party's own members to direct their own inquiries to the best resource able to help. Current topics of interest were featured in the Working Party's periodical "Libradoc" which was started in 1968 by Cornelius Kamp and later appeared in a more attractive format with considerable assistance, especially financial, from Kooperativa Forbundet and its Librarian Margareta Wangius who acted as editor until 1982 when the publication ceased. Cornelius Kamp was succeeded as Chairman by Francoise Baulier of the FNCC Library, Paris, who played a leading role in co-ordinating and supervising the various international tasks assigned to individual members of the Working Party. When he was Working Party Chairman, Cornelius Kamp went on a gruelling and extensive South Asian Tour to foster the development of Co-operative libraries. Later he assisted in the early stages of the establishment of the Library at ICA Regional Office at Moshi, Tanzania. In April 1981, a workshop for Co-operative librarians in South East Asian countries was held at the University of the Philippines, Los Banos, outside Manilla, in which 23 participants received basic training in Co-operative librarianship andin the member countries as well as the information service. Bernard Howcroft, the current chairman of the Working Party, assisted B.D. Pandey, ICA South East Asian librarian, in the organization and teaching sessions at this workshop. At the request of CEMAS, Roy Garratt, Co-operative Union Librarian, was asked to prepare a manual for new Co-operative libraries in developing countries. However it was felt that the shortened version of Cornelius Kamp's manual with some revision and updating by Bernard Howcroft and Gillian Lonergan, Co-operative Union Assistant Librarian, would in the main fill the gap identified by CEMAS. Roy Garratt wrote in 1986 a supplement in which the values of publicity for new libraries was emphasised. For many years the Working Party's publications programme was supported financially by the availability of the printing resources of the Central Union of Peasant Self-Aid Co-operatives in Poland. Indeed, the ICA was never called upon to provide finance to assist the Working Party's activities. However, the closest links have always been maintained between the Working Party and ICA headquarters through its librarians from 1961 always acting ex-officio as secretary of the Working Party. This report can give only a brief indication of the valuable practical work undertaken in almost 40 years by the Working Party. By merger with the Communications Working Party it is hoped that there will be a renewed international stimulus to continue this work in the future. **Working Party on Co-operative Research, Planning and Development** We believe that co-operative organizations could benefit from research, either directly through results or indirectly through deeper understanding of co-operative performance and the role within society at large. We also believe that there are contributions from research that could be developed in order to increase the efficiency of co-operative performance in the future. ("From Guidelines for a Co-operative Research Programme" for the ICA Party on Co-operative Research, adopted in 1989). *Executive Committee* Chairman: Sven Ake Book, Sweden (elected 1988) Vice-Chairmen: Kaj Ilmonen, Finland Stefano Zan, Italy Janos Juhasz, Hungary (elected 1988) Mario Patera, Austria (elected 1991) Secretary: Vacant *Programme for 1988 - 1992* The Research Conference held in Stockholm in 1988 outlined a programme on "Traditions and Trends in Co-operative Development and Change", which was finalised by the Committee meeting in April 1989. The programme considered the following issues as the most challenging to co-operative identity and performance in contemporary world: (a) The ability to reproduce the co-operative character, in other words to adapt to the environment without destroying the co-operative identity; (b) Co-operative organizations as agents for economic democracy, participation and mobilisation; (c) Co-operative organizations as agents for improving conditions for work; food production; and consumer and environment protection. For the period 1988 - 1992, aspects of these issues considered as important when dealing with basic co-operative values and principles for the future were emphasized. Our ambitions have been to broaden the scope of the Working Party by bringing in more participants from universities and institutes, building up a network of co-operative researchers and improving the integration between research and practice. We have taken our first steps in that direction during the reporting period, however we still have a long way to go. *Activities* Our programme is carried out through the following instruments: an annual seminar and a conference every four years, an annual yearbook containing papers from the seminar, a network newsletter and fund-raising campaigns. To some extent we have managed to carry out these plans; the lack of proper resources (financial and administrative) have been main obstacles. (a) Annual Seminars The themes of seminars over the reporting period are as follows: - Bologna 1988 on "New Perspectives on Co-operative Development and Research"; - New Delhi 1989 on "Co-operative Values and the Relations between Co-operatives and the State"; - Madrid 1990 on "Co-operative Values and Identity" with special reference to capital formation; - Berlin 1991 on "Co-operative Values and Identity" with special reference to co-operative federalism and the on-going transformation to joint stock companies; - Warsaw 1992 on "Challenges for Co-operatives in the Contemporary World" with special reference to the ongoing transformation to market economies in Eastern and Central Europe. These seminars have been organized in collaboration with the co-operative research institutions. Participation has increased over the years. In the latest seminar in Warsaw, organized in collaboration with the Polish Co-operative Institute, there were approximately 70 participants and about 25-30 papers were introduced. An international research conference will be held in Tokyo prior to the ICA Congress on the theme "What are the viable co-operative models for the future?" It is organized in collaboration with Japanese co-operative research institutions. (b) Publications It has not been possible to publish proceedings from all the seminars owing to lack of resources for editing and printing. This is not a satisfactory situation as there are many interesting papers which are not made available to a broader circle of interested co-operators and researchers. However, we published the following documents: - Proceedings from the seminar in Bologna 1988; - Proceedings from the Research Conference in Stockholm 1988, Co-operative Development and Change (available from ICA); - Proceedings from the seminar in New Delhi, Relations between Co-operatives and the State (available from ICA). We plan to publish papers from the seminars in Madrid (1990) and in Berlin (1991) in one volume in 1992, resources permitting. Papers from the seminar in Warsaw (1992) and from the forum in Tokyo (1992) will be published in separate volumes. We started a network newsletter "Cop-net" for current information on co-operative research among the growing network of co-operative researchers. *Future Direction* The programme for the next four years will be discussed at the conference in Tokyo. We can look back at a period when we have started to build up a basis for international co-operative research, but we have only partially been able to realize our ambitious programme. There are many challenging issues awaiting closer analysis in the future. This has been especially obvious during our seminars on basic values and principles. The Working Party on Co-operative Research is deeply convinced that the co-operative future will have much to gain from research and can obtain deeper understanding and efficiency from this source. To transform this potentiality into practice requires more resources for these tasks at the ICA level. As a minimum, there is a need for secretarial resources, resources for co-ordination and for current information, and some resources for publishing in order to make the research contributions more widely available. Only then will it be possible to carry out a more systematic international research programme and to integrate the work with other aspects of the ICA organization.