*Standing Orders Governing the Procedure of Congress* The Congress Sessions (1) Provision shall be made for the proceedings of the Congress to extend over four full days of two sessions each. (2) No specialized conference shall take place during the sittings of the Congress, and all social functions, excursions or visits during the periods allocated for the sessions of the Congress which would in any way hinder the work of the Congress, shall be strictly eliminated. (3) The President of the ICA is responsible for conducting the business of the Congress, assisted by the members of the Congress Committee, in so far as they are called upon by the President to do so. (4) A timetable shall be prepared for the discussion of each subject which shall be strictly adhered to, subject only to such modifications as the Congress Committee may find necessary for the admission of emergency notions under Article 22 (b). Official Languages (5) The business of the Congress shall be carried on in such of the official languages - English, French, German, Russian and Spanish - as the Executive Committee shall decide. Any delegate who is unable to express himself in one of the official languages of the ICA may be accompanied by an interpreter, approved by the ICA, who shall interpret from the native language of the delegate into one of the official languages, interpretation into the other language in use at the Congress shall be made by the official interpreters. The names of personal interpreters must be forwarded to the Director of the ICA at least two weeks before the date of the Congress. Whenever possible the personal interpreter shall be included in the number of official representatives of the organization concerned. (6) No delegate, except the President in the chair shall be permitted to deliver his speech in more than one language. (7) All printed matter relating to the Congress shall be issued in the official languages in use at the Congress. Each delegate shall be entitled to one set of documents in the official language of his or her choice. Order of Debate (8) Delegates desiring to speak on any subject must hand in their names in writing. As a rule they will be called upon in the order in which their names are received, but in the discussion of definite motions the President may call upon supporters or opponents of the motion to speak alternately. (9) Each delegate who rises to speak must address the President and direct his speech to the motion or question under discussion or to a question of order. (10) Each speaker shall be allowed five minutes, except the mover of a motion or amendment or the mover of a paper, and no delegate shall be allowed to speak more than once on any subject except the mover of a motion or amendment of a paper. (11) The mover of a motion shall be allowed ten minutes for his speech and five minutes in which to reply to the discussion before the motion or amendment is put to the vote. Such reply must be strictly limited to points raised in the discussion. The mover of an amendment shall be allowed ten minutes for his speech, but has no right of reply, unless the amendment is carried and becomes the substantive motion. (12) Any speaker may be accorded an additional five minutes by the decision of the Congress, the question being put without discussion. (13) The mover of a paper shall not be subjected to a fixed time limit in presenting this paper but, if the timetable demands, a time may be fixed by the President. The mover shall have fifteen minutes in which to reply to the discussion on his paper. (14) When more than one motion or amendment is submitted for discussion on any item of the agenda (except motions of procedure and formal matters) they shall be referred to the Congress Committee, which shall endeavor to prepare an agreed text. Exceptionally, an amendment proposed in the course of the discussion may, at the discretion of the President and with the approval of Congress, be considered by Congress. If an amendment is so accepted by Congress for consideration the President has discretion to deal with it immediately or to refer it to the Congress Committee. (15) In the preparations of any agreed text under Standing Order 14 above, the mover of any motion or amendment shall have the right to attend the meeting of the Congress Committee to support his motion or amendment. (16) The discussion of any question may be closed by a motion "that the question be now put". Such motion must be moved formally and may only be moved by a delegate who has not spoken on the question under discussion. If the motion for the closure is seconded, the President shall put it to vote. If the motion is accepted the mover of the original motion or amendment shall have the right to reply before the vote is taken. If the motion for the closure is rejected the mover of the closure motion shall have no further right to speak on the question under discussion. (17) Fraternal delegates and guests may, with the consent of the Congress Committee, address the Congress on any subject under discussion but may not vote. Voting (18) All motions and amendments shall be decided by a show of delegates' attendance cards, unless a card vote is required to be taken by the Congress Committee, or on the written request of five member organizations, or on the demand of 50 delegates. (19) Organizations which are entitled to more than one vote may entrust their votes to a single delegate, provided, however, that no one delegate shall use more than ten votes. (20) The President shall have only one vote. In the case of an equality of votes being cast on any question, the President shall declare the proposition "not carried". (21) Cards shall be provided for use in all cases in which a demand for a card vote is made under Standing Order 18. (22) The voting shall be certified by the Director under the supervision of the Congress Committee. (23) Such number of tellers as may be required shall be appointed by the Congress at its first sitting. (24) Personal explanations are only admissible at the end of a debate and after the voting has taken place. Emergency Appointments (25) Any delegate whose appointment has not been previously notified shall only be admitted by handing in to the Congress Committee satisfactory evidence of his or her appointment. Suspension of Standing Orders (26) No motion to suspend a Standing Order shall be accepted unless notice in writing has been given to the Director by not less than 20 delegates stating the reason for the motion. The motion to suspend Standing Orders shall be put to the vote after it has been moved and formally seconded, and not more than one speech made in opposition. A card vote must be taken on the motion to suspend Standing Orders and approved by a three-fourths majority. If defeated, no second motion can be permitted for the same purpose.