ICA Regional Assembly for Asia-Pacific

ICA Regional Assembly for Asia-Pacific 
New Delhi  January 5-6, 1995


Opening Ceremonies

B.S. Vishwanathan, President of the National Co-operative Union of India
(NCUI), welcomed the 112 participants and described some of the new
banking, insurance, and trade initiatives being undertaken by the Indian
co-operative movement.

Yang Deshou, Chairman of the Regional Assembly, described how the new ICA
structure is designed to help co-operative movements deal with challenges
arising from new economic and social developments.

Mitsugu Horiuchi, ICA Vice-President, spoke of the growing importance of
regional issues and appealed to members to support ICA during this
challenging time.

Lars Marcus, ICA President, described the global trends facing
co-operatives and said that the new ICA structure is essentially based on
promoting collaboration among co-operatives with similar interests.

Dr. Jurgen von Muralt, Director of Enterprise and Co-operative Development,
ILO, spoke of the growing collaboration between ICA and ILO.

G.K. Sharma, ICA Regional Director, described the role of the ICA Regional
Assembly for Asia and the Pacific, which now represents co-operatives in 25
countries, 62 member organisations, and 460 million individual members.

Dr. Bal Ram Jakhar, Union Minister for Agriculture, said that new
co-operative legislation would soon be presented to Parliament.

Arvind Netam, Union Minister of State for Agriculture and Co-operation,
discussed how various changes in government policy would affect

B.D. Sharma, Chief Executive of NCUI, expressed his thanks to the hosts and
organisers of the Regional Assembly for their support and collaboration.

Approval of Agenda

The items listed in the circulated agenda were approved.

Confirmation of Minutes

The Minutes of the Regional Consultation held in Beijing on 21-22 April,
1993, were confirmed.

Election of Chairman and Vice-Chairman

By unanimous decison B.S. Vishwanathan (India) was elected as Chairman of
the Regional Assembly for the next two years, and Professor Ungku Aziz
(Malaysia) was elected Vice-Chairman.

Rules of the Regional Assembly

The representatives agreed to some amendments to the draft Rules regarding
definition of "Governing Body" and the possibility of inviting associate
members, observers, and special invitees to attend.

After interventions from India, Malaysia, and Pakistan, the Rules of the
Regional Assembly were approved.

Rules of the Executive Council

The draft rules of the Executive Council, including an amendment regarding
membership of the ICA Vice-President from the region, were approved.

Consideration of the "Co-operative Charter"

The ICA Director-General, Bruce Thordarson, described the background and
process of the current review of the co-operative principles.  Dr. Y. Paz,
member of the Resource Group working with Dr. Ian MacPherson, highlighted
the proposals contained in the third draft of the "Co-operative Identity

During the discussion, participants emphasised the following points:  the
importance of participatory democracy and autonomy (S. Takemoto, JCCU,
Japan); the desirability of maintaining the principle of limited interest
on share capital (Y. Kato, Zenkyoren, Japan), the importance of service and
honesty (S. Chandra, Fishcopfed, India); the importance of democratic forms
of management (K. Uchida, Jigyodan, Japan); the need to identify basic
values that are universally applicable (Dr. R.C. Dwivedi, India); the
distinctiveness of Asian values (U. Aziz, Angkasa, Malaysia); and the
importance of applying ethics to business practices (Y. Paz, Israel).

Three-year Development Programme of ICA ROAP

The ICA Regional Director and Project Advisors described the Regional
Office's development programme and its eight technical projects: Policy
Development and Legislation, Development Planning and Coordination,
Agricultural Co-operative Development, Consumer Co-operative Development,
Human Resource Development, Gender Integration, Agricultural Management
Training, and Rural Women Leaders' Training.  Other activities are
undertaken in the areas of environment and worker-owned enterprise.

K. Fogelstrom of the Swedish Co-operative Centre (SCC) said that a recent
SCC-sponsored evaluation of the ICA's development programme was generally
positive but that weaknesses existed in the areas of planning,
establishment of performance indicators, and donor coordination.  He said
that SCC's future approach towards ICA would involve supporting activities
rather than institutional development, and that this approach would include
a gradual shift of SCC's support from Asia to Africa.

B.D. Sharma (India) requested ROAP to be more active in undertaking studies
on taxation, and supporting insurance and data bank activities in India.
He proposed that the HRD project work more with national organisations
instead of training institutions.

Report on IDACA Activities

The Regional Director, G.K. Sharma, described the nine courses completed
during 1993 by the Institute for the Development of Agricultural
Co-operation in Asia, including three that were carried out in
collaboration with ICA-ROAP.

Consideration of the Paper "The Conversion Syndrome"
The Regional Director introduced the paper prepared by Mr. Garry Cronan,
Registrar of Co-operatives in New South Wales, Australia, concerning the
tendency for Australian co-operatives to convert into investor-owned firms.

During the discussion, the participants emphasised the following points:
concern over the current proposals in India to establish "co-operative
companies" (S. Sisodia, India); the need to strengthen co-operative
identity (Han Seung-Hee, Korea); the importance of honesty in co-operative
businesses (U. Aziz, Malaysia); the need for co-operative education (Y.
Paz, Israel); the need for greater efficiency instead of structural change
(B.D. Sharma, India); experiences of collaboration with
joint-stock-companies (Lim Ho Seng, Singapore); the preferability of
working with co-operative partners (Wahiduddin Wahab, Malaysia); the role
of co-operatives in serving poor people (Ahmed, Pakistan); the problems of
increasing competition (Kim Jong-Jim, Korea); and the need for greater
integration among state and national co-operative laws (R. Shanker, India).

Report on the Third Co-operative Ministers' Conference

Robby Tulus, ROAP Senior Policy Advisor, summarised the conclusions and the
recommendations of the July 1994 ministerial conference, held in Colombo,
Sri Lanka, in four major areas: government-cooperative relationship,
co-operatives in the market-oriented economy, regional coordination, and
international co-operation.  The next conference is scheduled to be held in
Draft Proposal for Recognition of Co-operatives by ICA
The Regional Director reported that the Executive Committee had recommended
the appointment of a small committee to examine the proposal.  The
recommendations of the Committee as circulated were agreed.

World Summit for Social Development

Dr. Daman Prakash of ICA-ROAP described the background to the UN's March
1995 Social Summit and the role which co-operatives could play in
influencing and implementing the meeting's themes of poverty alleviation,
employment creation, and social integration. In response to a question from
B.D. Sharma about co-operative participation at the Social Summit, Bruce
Thordarson reported that ICA would be represented both at the official
meeting and at the parallel NGO forum in Copenhagen.

Profile of Co-operatives in India

The National Co-operative Union of India provided information on the
co-operative movement in India, which officially includes some 350,000
co-operatives with a membership of 164 million.

Any Other Business

M. Horiuchi announced his intention to retire as ICA Vice-President at the
Manchester Congress in September 1995.  He proposed that Mr. Hakaru Toyoda,
President of JA Zenchu, be nominated by the region to succeed him for the
remaining two years of his term.  This was moved by Mr. Vishwanathan,
seconded by Dr. Paz, and agreed.

M. Ohya (JCCU) described his proposal to establish an ad hoc Advisory
Committee that would review the structure and operation of the Regional
Office, and make recommendations to the Regional Director.  Mr. Sharma and
Mr. Yang spoke in favour of this proposal, which was accepted.

Kyu E. Lee, Chairman of the Korean Federation of Community Credit Unions,
introduced his organisation, which had been admitted into ICA membership in

Yang Deshou (China) announced that the All-China Federation of Supply and
Marketing Co-operatives had been separated from the Ministry of Agriculture
at the beginning of 1995, and that plans were underway for the first
Chinese Co-operative Congress, to be held in May or June of this year, in
order to finalise the restructuring of the movement.  He invited all
participants to attend the Congress and indicated that in the future the
Chinese co-operatives would be able to place more emphasis on international
activities.  Mr. Yang also expressed thanks for the support he had received
as Chairman of the Regional Assembly.

Next Meeting

Professor U. Aziz, Vice-Chairman of the Regional Assembly, proposed that
the 1996 Regional Assembly be held in Malaysia, at a date to be determined.
This was agreed.


Vishwanathan thanked the participants and organisers for a successful
meeting, and closed the Regional Assembly.