___________________________________________________ This document has been made available in electronic format by the International Co-operative Alliance ICA ----------------------------------------------------- November 1995 ICA Studies and Reports Co-operatives in Eastern & Central Europe Twenty-fifth in the series Bulgaria by Professor Dinonysos Mavrogiannis About the Author: Dr Dionysos Mavrogiannis, a retired official of the International Labour Organisation (ILO), is member of the Institute of Co-operative Research and Studies of Greece. He joined the ILO Branch of Co-operative, Rural and Related Institutions in 1968. Appointed successively Director of the ILO Offices for Central African countries (Kinshasa, 1970-1972), Bangladesh (1973-1974) and the French-speaking countries of S.E. Asia (Bangkok, 1975-1976), he was responsible for supervising technical assistance programmes in the above regions. As Chief of the Section of Legislation and Studies, Co-operative Branch (Geneva, 1983-1992), he conducted the programme of research and studies and provided advisory services on co-operative policy and legislation in several countries of Africa, Asia and Europe. He participated in various conferences, meetings and workshops. He was also Co-Director of ILO/Centrosoyus seminars organised in Moscow in 1986 for Women Co-operators from Asia, and in 1989 for Women Co-operators from Africa. Prior to that, Dr Mavrogiannis was Research Fellow on African Co-operative Movements in the Co-operative College of Paris (1966-1967), Special Adviser to the Confederation of Agricultural Co-operatives (Paseges) of Greece (1976-1981), Legal Adviser to the Agricultural Trade Unions (1958-1960) and Lawyer at the Supreme Court of Athens. Dr Mavrogiannis acted as a resource person at the ICA's Conference on Women Co-operators (Stockholm, July 1988) and in the ICA's Seminars on Co-operative Legislation held in Prague (1990) and in Guinea Conakry (1991). He was a member of the Advisory Committee of the Project of Basic Values (30th ICA Congress, Tokyo, 1992) and is currently member of the Consultative Committee of Reformulation of the Co-operative Principles. Graduate in law and economics from the University of Athens, he specialised in the Social Sciences of Labour, Social Law and in Social Economy in Paris and in Strasbourg. He received a State Doctorate from the University of Paris II. He is the author of several books, articles and technical reports on pre-co-operative groups, co-operative policy, legislation and development; women's involvement in co-operatives; co-operatives in transition to the market economy; favourable conditions for genuine co-operatives in Africa; trade unions and co-operatives; and thematic analysis of the ICA Congresses. Dr Mavrogiannis was professor of Rural Sociology in the University of Kinshasa (1971 and 1972), of Law and Sociology at the Democritos University of Thrace (1977-1982) where he was elected Rector and of Industrial Sociology at the University Macedonia of Salonica (1979-1981).