Resolution on Co-operatives and Sustainable Human Development

    This document has been made available in electronic format
         by the International Co-operative Alliance ICA 
                         January 1996

                       Resolution on 
      Co-operatives and Sustainable Human Development

     (submitted by the ICA Board and approved by the
               ICA General Assembly, 1995)

1.   During recent years the term "Sustainable Human Development"
has been increasingly used to identify a form of economic and
social development which is both people-centred and respectful of
the environment.  Although the concept originated in connection
with developing countries, it is relevant to all parts of the

2.   As institutions whose fundamental purpose is to meet the
needs of their members, co-operatives by their very nature
contribute in an important way to sustainable human development. 
As the United Nations General Assembly recognised in a 1994
Resolution, "co-operatives in their various forms are becoming an
indispensable factor in the economic and social development of
all countries, promoting the fullest possible participation in
the development process of all population groups, including
women, youth, disabled persons and the elderly."

3.   The General Assembly therefore welcomes the report on
"Co-operatives and Sustainable Human Development", presented to
the ICA Centennial Congress in Manchester in September 1995, and
commends it to the membership for review.

4.   The General Assembly takes particular note of the
"Co-operative Agenda 21" contained in the report, and reaffirms
its view that co-operatives should ensure that both their
institutional performance and their member education programmes
place high importance on environmental considerations.

5.   The General Assembly is of the view that the ICA can most
effectively contribute to sustainable human development through
the activities of its Regional Offices, and therefore expresses
its support for the continued growth and strengthening of the
ICA's regional structure.

6.   The General Assembly recognises the contribution which many
of the ICA Specialised Bodies have already made in this area, and
expresses its view that they should increase their collaboration
with the ICA, both globally and regionally, in order to make the
most effective use of available resources.

7.   Finally, recognising that the ICA structure is a transparent
and cost-effective means of promoting sustainable human
development, the General Assembly recommends the establishment of
an "ICA Trust Fund", to be controlled by the ICA Board, for the
purpose of strengthening the ICA's current development programme;
and further recommends that ICA member organisations make regular
contributions to this Fund, both to commemorate the ICA
Centennial and to indicate their support for ICA's role, in
collaboration with its members, as a catalyst of co-operative