Institutional Emergence Process (1998)

This document has been made available in electronic
format by the International Co-operative Alliance (ICA)
June, 1998
(Source: ICA Regional Office for West Africa -Activity Report for 1996-1997, pp.9-10)

Institutional Emergence Process

The programme consists in organising monographic, diagnostic and analytical studies, in a co-operative sector where the need is felt, and where there is a potential for institutional organisation and a favourable environment. This programme is composed also of sensitisation campaigns at local and regional level, as well as studies in order to conscientise and initiate the future members to participate. When the means and the conditions enable it, the procedure includes educational tours inside the country or in other countries of West Africa, to draw inspiration from existing examples.

In 1996, ROWA supported three studies (in Côte d'Ivoire, Senegal, and Togo), a constitutive assembly (in Senegal) and a sensitisation day in Burkina Faso.

The study conducted in Côte d'Ivoire, was aimed at analysing the feasibility for the emergence of a union of GVC women food producers in the areas of Bongouanou and Daoukro.

The study enabled the following:

The study was conducted by the ex DMC in collaboration with the Ministry of Family Welfare and the Promotion of Women. A report on the study was submitted in December 1996.

In October 1996, ROWA and the Federation of Unions of Savings and Credit Co-operatives (FUCEC) of Togo signed a Protocol of Agreement, for the conducting a feasibility study on the subject of the emergence of unions in the coffee/cocoa and cotton sectors in the country. The study was conducted by the study unit of the FUCEC and the conclusions, submitted in June 1997.

The study enabled the following:

Contrary to previous procedures in other countries, studies conducted in Côte d'Ivoire and in Togo, did not have the emergence of the two unions as an outcome. The Political wish of the authorities and the commitment of first interested parties were lacking.

If the current economic situation is favourable for the emergence of second and third level apex organisations and if grouping co-operatives together is really necessary in view of economic and political benefits and constraints, nevertheless there are still issues to be addressed:

In the context characterised by the weakness of trade unions and of opposition parties, co-operatives, sometimes remain the only serious alternative, especially in the agricultural sector.

Since December 1995, ROWA supported the emergence of a national union of handicraft co-operative regional unions of Senegal. The process of the emergence was the following:

Burkina Faso
Further to the request of the Government of Burkina Faso, ROWA financed a one-day conference on Housing Co-operatives in Africa. The aim of the conference was to inform and sensitize people on the benefit and favourable conditions for the emerging of housing co-operatives in Burkina Faso.

The conference took place in Ouagadougou on July 27 and a Senegalese consultant was invited as facilitator.