WSSD Programme of Action - Excerpt on Co-ops

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    This excerpt has been made avialable in electronic format 
            by the International Co-operative Alliance
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              WORLD SUMMIT FOR SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
                  REFERENCES TO CO-OPERATIVES
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          This information is an excerpt from the

      REPORT OF THE WORLD SUMMIT FOR SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
    United Nations document A/CONF.166/9 of 19 April 1995

 (The Report has been made available in electronic format by 
    the United Nations.  The full text is available on the 
           Internet through gopher.undp.org).
 

References to co-operatives have been noted in capital letters.


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        COPENHAGEN DECLARATION ON SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
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Commitment 9

     We commit ourselves to increasing significantly and/or
utilizing more efficiently the resources allocated to social
development in order to achieve the goals of the Summit through
national action and regional and international cooperation.

     To this end, at the national level, we will: 

     (h) Utilize and develop fully the potential and contribution
of CO-OPERATIVES for the attainment of social development goals,
in particular the eradication of poverty, the generation of full
and productive employment, and the enhancement of social
integration.


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  PROGRAMME OF ACTION OF THE WORLD SUMMIT FOR SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT 
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                          Chapter II
                   ERADICATION OF POVERTY

31.  The opportunities for income generation, diversification of
activities and increase of productivity in low-income and poor
communities should be enhanced by:

     (f) Strengthening and improving financial and technical
assistance for community-based development and self-help
programmes, and strengthening cooperation among Governments,
community organizations, CO-OPERATIVES, formal and informal
banking institutions, private enterprises and international
agencies, with the aim of mobilizing local savings, promoting the
creation of local financial networks, and increasing the
availability of credit and market information to small
entrepreneurs, small farmers and other low-income self-employed
workers, with particular efforts to ensure the availability of
such services to women;

34.  Urban poverty should further be addressed by:

     (a) Promoting and strengthening micro-enterprises, new small
businesses, CO-OPERATIVE ENTERPRISES, and expanded market and
other employment opportunities and, where appropriate,
facilitating the transition from the informal to the formal
sector;
                          CHAPTER III
           EXPANSION OF PRODUCTIVE EMPLOYMENT AND
                 REDUCTION OF UNEMPLOYMENT 

51.  Enhancing opportunities for the creation and growth of
private-sector

     (e) Promoting, supporting and establishing legal frameworks
to foster the development of CO-OPERATIVE ENTERPRISES, and
encouraging them to mobilize capital, develop innovative lending
programmes and promote entrepreneurship; enterprises that would
generate additional employment requires: CO-OPERATIVES,
especially those run by women, in order to, inter alia, improve
market access and increase productivity, provide inputs and
technical advice, promote cooperation in production and marketing
operations, and strengthen participation in the planning and
implementation of rural development;
 
                        CHAPTER IV
                    SOCIAL INTEGRATION

74.  Governments should promote equality and social justice by:

     (e) Encouraging the free formation of CO-OPERATIVES,
community and other grass-roots organizations, mutual support
groups, recreational/sports associations and similar institutions
that tend to strengthen social integration, paying particular
attention to policies that assist families in their support,
educational, socializing and nurturing roles;

                       CHAPTER V
              IMPLEMENTATION AND FOLLOW-UP
 
83.  The promotion of an integrated approach to the
implementation of the Programme of Action at the national level,
in accordance with national specificities, requires:

     (d) Formulating or strengthening, by 1996, comprehensive
cross-sectoral strategies for implementing the Summit outcome and
national strategies for social development, including government
action, actions by States in cooperation with other Governments,
international, regional and subregional organizations, and
actions taken in partnership and cooperation with actors of civil
society, the private sector and CO-OPERATIVES, with specific
responsibilities to be undertaken by each actor and with agreed
priorities and time-frames;

86.  The contribution of civil society, including the private
sector, to social development can be enhanced by:

     (d) Enabling and encouraging farmers' representative
organizations and CO-OPERATIVES to participate in the formulation
and implementation of sustainable agricultural and rural
development policies and programmes;

     (e) Encouraging and facilitating the development of CO-
OPERATIVES, including among people living in poverty or belonging
to vulnerable groups;

91.  In order to ensure that structural adjustment programmes
include social development goals, in particular the eradication
of poverty, the generation of productive employment and the
enhancement of social integration, Governments, in cooperation
with the international financial institutions and other
international organizations, should:

     (c) Further promote policies enabling small enterprises, CO-
OPERATIVES and other forms of micro-enterprises to develop their
capacities for income generation and employment creation.