ICA 1995 Statistics (1996)


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    This document has been made available in electronic format
         by the International Co-operative Alliance ICA 
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                         December, 1996

          (Source: Review of International Co-operation
                    Vol.89, No.4/1996, pp.68-69)

                           1995 Statistics
                         by Alina Pawlowska*
                         ********************

The revised statistics for 1995 show three significant facts; two
of a geographical nature and the third of a sectorial nature. 

Firstly, after many years when Asia was the leading region for
membership development, the trend has moved to Latin America.
Leaving aside the USA and Canada, the two heavyweights of the
region, the rise in membership is taking place in Latin American.
For example, the five ICA members in Brazil represent almost four
million members and a hundred and fifty thousands jobs. In 1995
alone, the Brazilian agricultural/livestock sector exported nine
hundred and seventeen million US dollars of agricultural produce.
In 1995, this sector accounted for 55% of the national dairy
production, 44% of barley and 62% of wheat and its share of GNP
was more than five percent. In recent years worker co-operatives
in the region have also increased substantially -  the medical
doctors' union is now present in three quarters of the Brazilian
municipalities.  

Europe still retains the record for membership within ICA,
organisations from the European Union being the largest regional
grouping with over sixty very diversified organisations
representing all sectors. We can only regret that the lack of
effective national monitoring systems hinders any meaningful
comparison between them. For example, the co-operative
organisations in Italy and Spain were unable to provide us with
data at the time of the survey. 

The second interesting fact is that, contrary to the prophesies
of certain Cassandras, the co-operatives in Eastern and Central
Europe did not disappear altogether. After a period of divisions
and liquidations, a kind of precarious stabilisation has been
achieved. It  now appears that the co-ops, having been freed from
their obligation to feed or house the nation, have found their
own niche in the market economy and become just another player
in the economic life. There is a marked trend of co-ops
abandoning the traditional sectors such as agriculture or retail
distribution, or being squeezed out by competitors, and
developing instead in new areas such as  health care and
financial services. Sometimes the individual country's new
economic and political systems are not ready to accommodate these
new initiatives, as was the case with Moscow's Unity Bank, but
credit unions and insurance co-ops have made excellent progress
-
- notably in Poland and Slovakia. However, there is no uniform
evolution in the business development within this region - the
economic performance depends on the economic environment within
each country. Consumer co-ops in Bulgaria and Hungary made a
comfortable surplus in 1994, for example, while Centrosoyuz in
Russia registered losses. Interestingly enough, this year, the
reply rate to our questionnaire from Eastern and Central European
organisations was almost 100%, compared with 67% in the region
as a whole.

The third fact that should be noted is the progressive
disappearance of consumer co-operatives from the ICA membership.
There were no consumer co-operative admitted into ICA membership
in 1995. The only exception to this rule could have been the case
where a national apex union might include a national federation
of consumer co-ops within its own membership. Most newly admitted
societies come from the financial (e.g. insurance and credit
unions) or from the service sector. This is an evolution which
should be taken into consideration when establishing development
plans. 

In Africa the work of ICA Regional Offices is focused on
strengthening existing movements.  

The largest and the smallest ICA member organisations are to be 
found in Asia. The All China Federation is the largest single
society in membership of the ICA and the Tonga Co-operative
Federation is the smallest. To give as an example the smallest
member of ICA, it can be noted that the 64 local societies in
Tonga have a turnover of 20 million USD and a surplus of 80
thousand USD. Members are served by 159 employees,  a third of
which are women. 

Notes
-----
N/A       -    data Not Available
*         -    data available for certain organisations 
Austria   -    data for Raiffeisen Union 
Bulgaria  -    data for Co-op Union 
Denmark   -    data for FDB 
France    -    data for Confederation Nationale du Credit Mutuel
               and Confederation Nationale de la Mutualite de la
               Cooperation et du Credit Agricoles
Germany   -    data for consumer unions 
Italy     -    data for La Lega
Norway    -    data for NKL and NBBL
Poland    -    members of all registered co-operatives
Spain     -    data for Consejo Superior de Euskadi   
Korea     -    data for NACUFOK and NACF
Kuwait    -    data for Consumer Union 
Argentina -    data for Instituto Movilisador, Coninagro and
               Cooperativa Electricidad de Bariloche
Costa Rica-    excluding Consucoop
El Salvador-   excluding COACES

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* Ms Pawlowska is the Documentation Officer at ICA Headquarters
and Secretary to the Committee on Co-operative Research.



         International Co-operative Alliance Membership
                         by Region (1996)
          **********************************************


World Total
-----------
Individual                    765,258,821
National Organisations                223
International Organisations             7
Countries                              95

Africa
-------
Organisations               26
Countries                   16
Individuals         13,924,267

3    Benin              56,000
1    Botswana           77,736
1    Burkina Faso       20,000
1    Cape Verde         20,000
1    Cote D'Ivoire     176,422
6    Egypt           4,000,000
1    Gambia            100,000
2    Kenya           2,700,430
1    Mali                4,400
1    Morocco           675,609
1    Niger             880,000
2    Senegal         2,300,000
1    Swaziland          17,430
1    Tanzania        1,351,018
1    Uganda            638,222
2    Zambia            907,000


Americas
--------
Organisations                45
Countries                    18
Individuals         170,527,990

8    Argentina          884,000
2    Bolivia                N/A
5    Brazil           3,747,804
2    Canada          12,000,000
2    Chile              183,300
3    Colombia               N/A
3    Costa Rica         196,663
1    Curacao             17,000
3    El Salvador         71,369
1    Gautemala          257,063
3    Honduras           202,430
1    Mexico             308,255
1    Paraguay            95,378
1    Peru                   N/A
3    Puerto Rico      1,028,077
2    Uruguay            844,651
4    USA            150,692,000

Asia and the Pacific
--------------------
Organisations                59
Countries                    25
Individuals         492,966,512

1    Bangladesh       7,476,967
1    China          160,000,000
1    Fiji                21,276
9    India          174,820,000
1    Indonesia       35,715,623
2    Iran             8,174,140
1    Israel             714,680
11   Japan           57,527,085
1    Jordan              72,722
1    Kazakhstan       3,700,000
6    Korea, RO       10,040,552
2    Kuwait             192,155
1    Kyrghystan       1,069,000
5    Malaysia         3,818,414
1    Mongolia            64,000
1    Myanmar          3,984,096
2    Pakistan         9,391,926
2    Philippines        484,557
1    Singapore          926,049
4    Sri Lanka        4,549,800
1    Thailand         5,844,027
1    Tonga                1,200
1    Turkmenistan       738,000
1    Uzbekistan       3,640,243
1    Vietnam                N/A

Europe
-------
Organisations                93
Countries                    36
Individuals          87,840,052

1    Armenia             14,512
3    Austria          2,200,326
1    Azerbaijan         920,000
1    Belarus          1,921,028
4    Belgium                N/A
2    Bulgaria           418,000
4    Cyprus             539,270
2    Czech Rep.       1,674,902
3    Denmark            780,200
1    Estonia             80,573
2    Finland          2,256,679
6    France          10,593,600
1    Georgia            200,000
4    Germany          1,960,000
2    Greece           1,029,120
4    Hungary          3,898,056
1    Iceland                N/A
3    Italy            3,836,718
1    Latvia             761,400
1    Lithuania          358,000
1    Malta                5,016
1    Moldova            610,927
4    Norway           1,303,711
2    Poland           6,092,000
2    Portugal         2,164,119
2    Romania          6,165,000
5    Russia          12,578,015
1    Slovak Rep.      1,425,917
1    Slovenia            25,000
7    Spain              266,443
6    Sweden           7,473,000
1    Switzerland      1,330,520
6    Turkey                 N/A
1    Ukraine          6,700,000
5    UK               8,258,000
1    Yugoslavia, Ex         N/A


International Organisations in Membership of the ICA
****************************************************

Name of the    Location  No.     No.     Indl.    Activity
Organisation    of       of      of      Member-  Sector
               Secreta-  Coun-  Societies ship
               riat      tries     
------------------------------------------------------------
ACCU           Bangkok     13    13,921 5,769,797 Credit Union
                                                  League

COLAC          Panama      18        32  4,816,843 Credit Union
                                                   League

CONSUMINTER    Moscow     N/A      N/A      N/A   Foreign trade
                                                  Society

CCC-CA         San Jose   N/A      N/A     N/A    Regional
                                                  Association

ICPA           Dordrecht  N/A       28     N/A    Supply of 
                                                  Oil Products

OCA            Bogota      19      146 40,000,000 Regional
                                                  Association

WOCCU          Madison     87  37,078  88,015,561 Union of 
                                                  Savings &
                                                  Credit Co-ops