This document has been made available in electronic format
         by the International Co-operative Alliance ICA 
                         February 1996

     International Organisation for Consumer Co-operative
                    Distributive Trade (INTER-COOP)
                     Activity Report 1995

Chairman:      Steinar Sivertsen (Norway)

Vice-Chairmen: John B. Owen (UK); Vincenzo Tassinari (Italy)

Members:       Sylvester Adamca (Slovakia); Pal Bartus (Hungary);
Lars Hillbom (Sweden); Mordechai Weisbrod (Israel)

Executive Officer:  Ole Dueholm

Inter-Coop is an association of consumer co-operative central
organisations in East and West Europe, Israel and Japan. As per
May 1995, 14 consumer co-operative central organisations from 12
countries are members of Inter-Coop.

Together with their 2,500 affiliated co-operative retail
societies, the retail organisations of Inter-Coop members make up
an economic force as a trade group and consumer movement which
exerts a significant influence on national and international
markets. In West Europe alone their 1993 turnover totalled ECU
34,400 m in 13,800 sales outlets.

Exchange of Know-How and Information
The aim of Inter-Coop is to promote the exchange of know-how and
information between its member organisations, especially on
subjects related to retail trade.

The exchange of know-how and information takes place in a number
of working groups, of which some have a more or less permanent
character, while others are set up on an ad hoc basis to deal
with specific issues. In addition, Inter-Coop co-ordinates an
education programme for senior managers from member organisations
and issue two information letters "Inter-Coop Information" and
"Inter-Coop Newsletter".

Permanent Working Groups
Most of the permanent working groups are store-type oriented
bodies. Thus, the groups deal with issues related to Discount
Stores, Supermarkets and Hypermarkets & Superstores.

Another permanent working group for Logistics is made up of
logistics managers from a number of Inter-Coop member
organisations. In 1994 the Logistics Group issued a comprehensive
document "Goods Movement In Supply Chain Management", which
describes an ideal model for goods movement.

Finally, the working group "Food Laboratories" constitutes a
network for the managers of the food laboratories of the
Inter-Coop member organisations.

The setting up of a permanent working group for "Environment
Protection" is under consideration.

Ad Hoc Working Groups
Ad hoc working groups are established from time to time to deal
with topics which are not related to a specific store type. Thus,
in 1994 an ad hoc meeting treated "Environment Protection
Efforts" on the part of Inter-Coop members, and in 1995 a working
group has discussed "Security Issues" with particular emphasis on
electronic alarm systems.

Strategic Management In Co-op Retailing
This is the title of the Inter-Coop education programme for
senior managers. It is a series of seminars and case studies in
three modules and three different countries which takes delegates
through a number of cases and disciplines relating to retailing,
logistics, strategic planning and marketing.

Inter-Coop Structure
May 1994 saw the end of the traditional joint management of
Inter-Coop and NAF International, and at the end of December
1994, Inter-Coop ended its involvement in non-food buying
co-ordination, the non-food buying activities being placed in a
new company, Intergroup Amba.

Consequently, as from January 1995, Inter-Coop is based on the
former Inter-Coop Retail Section, and three collaboration bodies
work side by side (and together, although in separate
organisations), viz.

-    Inter-Coop (exchange of know-how and information)
-    NAF International (food buying) and 
-    Intergroup (non-food buying)

Within Inter-Coop the Main Board has taken over the role of the
Retail Committee, which served to supervise and to support the
Inter-Coop retail activities.

Inter-Coop remains a specialized body of the ICA.