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New Generation Cooperatives

Ag Marketing Resource Center
Source of value-added agriculture information. This Web site is a partnership among Iowa State University, Kansas State University, and the University of California with partial support derived from USDA

Agricultural Loan Officers' Roles in Cooperative Investment in North Dakota
A paper by Brooks M. Wilson, Gary A. Goreham, Theron Kibbe and David W. Cobia. North Dakota State University, Dept. of Agricultural Economics. Agricultural Economics Report 366, November 1996. We surveyed agricultural loan officers and their supervisors in North Dakota to learn what factors influenced the decision to make loans to farmers investing in new agricultural cooperatives.

Agriculture and Local Development
By Norman Walzer, Christopher D. Merritt, and Mary Holmes
New Generation Cooperatives Project Output, Institute for Rural Affairs, Western Illinois University, Macomb, IL, 2000.

Beginning to Inform the Theory of the Cooperative Firm: Emergence of the New Generation Cooperative,
Cook, Michael L. and C. Illiopoulos,
Finnish Journal of Business Economics, 525-535, 4/1999

Bibliography of Cooperatives and Development
Compiled by Christopher D. Merritt and Norman Walzer New Generation Cooperatives Project Output, Institute for Rural Affairs, Western Illinois University, Macomb, IL, 2000.

The Carrot and Stick: A Conversation with Bill Patrie, the Man Who Helped Spark Co-op Fever.
Rural Cooperatives, August 1995.

Centre for the Study of Co-operatives, University of Saskatchewan -- information on New Generation Cooperatives. The site includes profiles of five new generation cooperatives:

ValAdCo (Renville, MN)
Midwest Investors (Renville, MN)
Southern Minnesota Sugar Beet Cooperative (Renville, MN)
North American Bison Cooperative (New Rockford, ND)
Dakota Growers Pasta Company (Carrington, ND).

CGIN Listserv -- Cooperative Grocers' Information Network. The purpose of this list is to help encourage and facilitate the exchange of information among CGIN members.

Cooperatives and New Uses for Agricultural Products: An Assessment of the Fuel Ethanol Industry
Research Report 148. 24 pgs. 1997. Anthony C. Crooks

Contribution of the Bison Industry to the North Dakota Economy
by Randall S. Sell, Dean A. Bangsund, and F. Larry Lestritz of North Dakota State University

Cooperative approach helps black growers succeed
by Donna F. Abernathy Rural Cooperatives May/June 1998

Audio File Logo Corn Fuel Co-op
NPR Online 9/12/00

Co-ops help tobacco farmers transition to new crops
by Pamela J. Karg Rural Cooperatives September/October 2000

A critical look at new-generation cooperatives
by Randall E. Torgerson, Rural Cooperatives January/February 2001

CROPP Cooperative: The Cooperative Regions of Organic Produce Pools
A Case Study
Prepared for the North Central Initiative for Small Farm Profitability
By the University of Wisconsin Center for Cooperatives
Funded by the Initiative for Future Agriculture & Food Systems
A progfam of the United States Department of Agriculture
Authored by Maria Powell and Greg Lawless
January 2003

Dakota Growers Pasta Company and the City of Carrington, North Dakota: A Case Study of a Successful New Generation Cooperative.
This study was part of a USDA Fund for Rural America planning grant for the Center for Cooperative Enterprise, January 1998.

Developing New Generation Co-ops: Getting Started on the Path to Success
by Cindy Thyfault, Rural Cooperatives, July/August 1996.

Differences Between New Generation Cooperatives and Traditional Cooperatives
Dave Coltrain, David Barton, and Michael Boland, Kansas State University 2000

Directory of New Generation Cooperatives
Compiled by Christopher Merritt, Mary Holmes, Jennifer Waner New Generation Cooperatives Project Output, Institute for Rural Affairs, Western Illinois University, Macomb, IL, 2000.

Equity Valuation for New Generation Cooperatives,
Alisher Akramovich Umarov, Masters Thesis, Agribusiness and Applied Economics, North Dakota State University, 2002

Evaluating Producer Investment and Risk in New Generation Cooperatives Using Real Options,
Thomas Sporleder and Kim Zeuli, 2000

An Examination of Member and Non-member Issues in Fruit and Vegetable Marketing Cooperatives in the Mid-Atlantic/Northeast Region. Publication for the NCR - 194 Research on Cooperatives Annual Meeting held on December 12-13, 2000

Factors Underlying Producer Investments in Processing Cooperatives
by Michael A. Boland, Jayson Lusk, and David Barton, Kansas State University
Publication for the NCR - 194 Research on Cooperatives Annual Meeting held on November 11-12, 1999

The Farm Business Environment and New Generation Cooperatives as an Innovation Strategy,
Peter D. Goldsmith and Samuel Kane,
NCR-194 Research on Cooperatives Annual Meeting Paper, November 13, 2002.

Finding a niche: How Dakota Growers Pasta co-op found success in a highly competitive market
By Michael Boland and David Barton Rural Cooperatives July/August 2001

Fingers and needles: Alaskan co-op turns cashmere-soft musk ox wool into hard cash
by Pamela J. Karg Rural Cooperatives March/April 2000

Group Action and One-one Marketing in Agriculture: An Oxymoron?
by Peter Goldsmith and Hamish Gow. Publication for the NCR - 194 Research on Cooperatives Annual Meeting held on December 12-13, 2000.

Audio LogoHaiti Progress
Report on sugar cooperative and rural development in Haiti from National Public Radio NPR Online 6/2/00

How Consumer Characteristics and Preferences Influence Structural Options: A Study of Twin City Natural Food Co-ops.
by Lisa Mancino. Publication for the NCR - 194 Research on Cooperatives Annual Meeting held on December 12-13, 2000.


The Impact of New Generation Cooperatives on Their Communities
USDA Rural Business Cooperative Service, RBS Research Report 177

Influence costs in heterogeneous cooperatives: A formal model of sales distortion,
By Peter Bogetoft and Henrick B. Olesen
Selected Paper, American Agricultural Economics Association - 2003

Investment Decisions in New Generation Cooperatives: A Case Study of Value Added Products(VAP) Cooperative in Alva, Oklahoma,
by Hubertus Puaha and Daniel S. Tilley, Selected Paper, Southern Agricultural Economics Association

Is a National Pork Marketing Cooperative Viable?
by Brad Gehrke and James Matson. Publication for the NCR - 194 Research on Cooperatives Annual Meeting held on December 12-13, 2000.

Legal & Financial Aspects of New Generation Cooperatives: Legal Implications
by Ralph Morris. From a presentation to the New Generation Cooperatives Conference, April 1, 1996 in Stevens Point, Wisconsin.

Generating Progress: The Impact of New Generation Cooperatives on their Communities USDA-Rural Business-Cooperative Service Research Report 177, June 2001
USDA Rural Business-Cooperative Service

A group of Midwest university professors collaborated on a study that includes a close look at five cooperatives and the impact they have had on their respective communities. These included three new-generation cooperatives, a traditional cooperative that had changed its relationship with members, and a group of local governments using a cooperative business model to deliver services in rural areas. Coordinating the study were David Trechter, University of Wisconsin-River Falls, and Robert king, University of Minnesota. Contributors were: Robert Cropp and Anne Reynolds, University of Wisconsin Center for Cooperatives; Kimberly Zeuli, University Of Kentucky; Roger Ginder, Iowa State University; Evert Van der Sluis, South Dakota State University; Michael Cook, Deanne Hackman and Kristi Livingston, University of Missouri Columbia; Gary Goreharn and Frayne Olson, North Dakota State University; Beth Honadle, University of Minnesota; and Linda Jacobson, University of Wisconsin-River Falls.

The Limited Liability Company Versus the New Generation Cooperative: Alternative Business Forms for Rural Economic Development
New Generation Cooperatives Project Output, Institute for Rural Affairs, Western Illinois University, Macomb, IL, 2000.

Local cooperatives' role in identity- preserved grain industry
by Julie A. Hogeland, Rural Cooperatives May/June 2001

The Mississippi Delta is catfish country, where Delta Pride Catfish Inc. is the big fish in the big pond
by Catherine Merlo Rural Cooperatives May/June 1998

Look in the Mirror Ignited Rural Development-- Insight into North Dakota's history with Cooperatives
by Dan Campbell, Rural Cooperatives, August 1995.

Make No Small Plans: A Cooperative Revival for Rural America
by Lee Egerstrom.

Making an Industry Possible: Wisconsin Sheep Dairy Co-op
by Jody Padgham of UWCC

Modeling Members Response to Farmer Owned Alternative Capital Management Strategies
by Francisco Diaz-Hermelo, Edward Smith, and Allan Gray. Publication for the NCR - 194 Research on Cooperatives Annual Meeting held on December 12-13, 2000.

New Dairy Co-ops are Repeating History
Country Today
June 25, 2001

New Generation Cooperatives Case Study: New Generation Cooperatives: The Future of Agriculture: An Introduction
by Jennifer Waner, New Generation Cooperatives: Case Studies, Illinois Institute for Rural Affairs, Western Illinois University, Macomb, IL, 2000

New Generation Cooperatives Case Study: Going Against the Grain: The Story of Mountain View Harvest Corporation
by Patricia Buschette, New Generation Cooperatives: Case Studies, Illinois Institute for Rural Affairs, Western Illinois University, Macomb, IL, 2000

New Generation Cooperatives Case Study: Golden Oval
by Patricia Buschette, New Generation Cooperatives: Case Studies, Illinois Institute for Rural Affairs, Western Illinois University, Macomb, IL, 2000

New Generation Cooperatives Case Study: Golden Triangle Energy Cooperative, Inc. Ethanol Plant
by Rodney Fink, New Generation Cooperatives: Case Studies, Illinois Institute for Rural Affairs, Western Illinois University, Macomb, IL, 2000

New Generation Cooperatives Case Study: Hard Choices: The Birth and Death of Ranchers' Choice Cooperative
by David Carter, New Generation Cooperatives: Case Studies, Illinois Institute for Rural Affairs, Western Illinois University, Macomb, IL, 2000

New Generation Cooperatives Case Study: Home Grown Wisconsin: The Story of a New Producer Cooperative
by Greg Lawless, New Generation Cooperatives: Case Studies, Illinois Institute for Rural Affairs, Western Illinois University, Macomb, IL, 2000

New Generation Cooperatives Case Study: Iowa Turkey Growers Cooperatives and West Liberty Foods
by Mary Swalla Holmes and Daniel Curry, New Generation Cooperatives: Case Studies, Illinois Institute for Rural Affairs, Western Illinois University, Macomb, IL, 2000

New Generation Cooperatives Case Study: New Generation Cooperatives: The Role of Value-Added Cooperatives in Rural Economic Development
by Christopher D. Merret, New Generation Cooperatives: Case Studies, Illinois Institute for Rural Affairs, Western Illinois University, Macomb, IL, 2000

New Generation Cooperatives Case Study: New Generation Cooperatives: A Short History of the Idea and the Enterprise
by Igor Kotov, New Generation Cooperatives: Case Studies, Illinois Institute for Rural Affairs, Western Illinois University, Macomb, IL, 2000

New Generation Cooperatives Case Study: South Dakota Soybean Processors
by Rodney J. Fink, New Generation Cooperatives: Case Studies, Illinois Institute for Rural Affairs, Western Illinois University, Macomb, IL, 2000

New Generation Cooperatives Case Study: Southwest Iowa Soy Cooperative
by Norman Waltzer and Mary Holmes, New Generation Cooperatives: Case Studies, Illinois Institute for Rural Affairs, Western Illinois University, Macomb, IL, 2000

New Generation Cooperatives Case Study: Sunrise Energy Cooperative
by Rodney J.Fink, New Generation Cooperatives: Case Studies, Illinois Institute for Rural Affairs, Western Illinois University, Macomb, IL, 2000

New Generation Cooperatives Case Study: U.S. Premium Beef
by Mary Holz-Clause, New Generation Cooperatives: Case Studies, Illinois Institute for Rural Affairs, Western Illinois University, Macomb, IL, 2000

New Generation Cooperatives Defined
by Bob Cropp, UWCC. From a presentation to the New Generation Cooperatives Conference, April 1, 1996 in Stevens Point, Wisconsin.

New Generation Cooperatives: External Environment and Investor Characteristics
A paper by David Cobia, professor of Agricultural Economics at North Dakota State University. Presented at the Food and Agricultural Marketing Consortium Conference, Las Vegas, NV, January 16-17, 1997.

New Generation Co-operatives: Responding to Changes in Agriculture
by By Brenda Stefanson and Murray Fulton, 1997. The booklet can be viewed online or ordered with a video and instructional materials. Centre for the Study of Co-operatives, University of Saskatchewan.

New Generation Farmer Cooperatives Conference: A Summary
April 1, 1996, Stevens Point, Wisconsin, by Greg Lawless, UWCC.

A New Generation Peanut Cooperative in Georgia: A Benefit-Cost Analysis
by Samuel J. Hancock, Todd S. Ray, Stanley M. Fletcher, William A. Thomas
University of Georgia

New model, old ways
by Pamela J. Karg, Rural Cooperatives January/February 2000

Northeast Missouri Grain Processors, Inc.: Community Case Study, Macon, MO.
A case study of a developing new generation cooperative. This study was part of a USDA Fund for Rural America planning grant for the Center for Cooperative Enterprise, January 1998.

Nothing Tastes so Sweet
Year in Cooperation, Spring 1996. A look at vegetable production and marketing opportunities in the Northern Region Valley.

One for All and All for One: The New Generation of Cooperatives and Why They are Changing Organizational Form
Jeffrey Katz and Michael Boland, Kansas State University 1999

Organic Cotton: Growing Need and Supply
By Mark Mulcahy Cooperative Grocer November-December 2000

The Potential Role of Cooperatives in Wisconsin's Aquaculture Industry
Presents a range of cooperative models, including the new generation model,that could be applied to the Wisconsin aquaculture industry. The paper was prepared for the Wisconsin Aquaculture Advisory Council by Cooperative Development Services (Madison, WI) and the University of Wisconsin Center for Cooperatives.

Power Formula Gas price hikes fuel drive for ethanol production; farmers look to co-ops to gain market share
by Mary Farrell-Stieve Rural Cooperatives May/June 2000

Producer Acceptance of a New Peanut Marketing Cooperative: A Survey of Georgia
by Samuel J. Hancock, Todd S. Ray, Stanley M. Fletcher, William A. Thomas
University of Georgia

Producer Investment in a Value-Added New Generation Cooperative: The case of an ethanol plant,
Joan Fulton
NCR-194 Research on Cooperatives Annual Meeting held on November 13, 2002.

Socioeconomic Impacts of Agricultural Processing Plants
F. Larry Leistritz, North Dakota State University
May 2001 Vol. 16, Issue 1

Putting Their Ducks in a Row
Year in Cooperation, Spring 1996. South Dakota farmers build soybean processsing plany by communicating with potential investors.

The Real Options Approach to Evaluating a New Generation Cooperative
by Michael D. Bailey and Thomas L. Sporleder. Publication for the NCR - 194 Research on Cooperatives Annual Meeting held on December 12-13, 2000

Romance vs Reality: Hard Lessons Learned in a Grass-fed Beef Marketing Cooperative
Annie Wilson, Member and former business manager Tallgrass Prairie Producers Co-op, June 2002,

Saving an Industry: Plant closure leads Michigan growers to form new turkey cooperative
by Laura Moser Rural Cooperatives May/June 2000

Socioeconomic Conditions for and Impacts of Establishing and Operating a New Generation Cooperative: The Case of the South Dakota Soybean Processors
Paula Loewe and Evert Van Der Sluis
Selected Paper of the 2000 Annual Meeting, June 29-July 1, 2000, Vancouver, British Columbia

The South Dakota Soybean Processors Cooperative: Socioeconomic Impacts.
by Evert Van der Sluis and Paula Loewe. Publications for the NCR - 194 Research on Cooperatives Annual Meeting held on December 12-13, 2000.

Starting a Value-Added Agribusiness: The Legal Perspective
New Generation Cooperatives Project Output, By Mark J.Hanson Institute for Rural Affairs, Western Illinois University, Macomb, IL, 2000.

Strength through unity: Bulgarian honey producers sweeten their future through cooperation
by James Matson Rural Development March/April 2000

Study finds that new-generation and traditional co-ops have major beneficial impacts on rural communities
by Patrick Duffey Rural Cooperatives July/August 2000

Success Factors for Value Added New Generation Cooperatives,
by Jared G. Carlberg, Rodney B. Holcomb, and Clement E. Ward, Selected Paper, Southern Agricultural Economics Association

Surfing the New-Wave Cooperatives
by Dennis A. Johnson, President of St. Paul Bank for Cooperatives, Rural Cooperatives, October 1995.

Temperature Rising: Co-op Fever is Still Sizzling Across North Dakota-- but will the first failure cause it to dissipate?
By Dan Campbell, Rural Cooperatives,August 1995.

Using Real Options to Evaluate Producer Investment in New Generation Cooperatives
by Thomas L. Sporleder and Michael D. Bailey
American Agricultural Economics Association - 2001 Annual Meeting

Value-Adding Contract Cooperatives: Investor and Non-Investor Differences
A Masters Thesis submitted to the Graduate Faculty of the North Dakota State University of Agriculture and Applied Science by Theron Fredrick Kibbe. November 1966

This study sought to identify the differences between agricultural producers who invest in value-adding contract cooperatives and those who do not.

Video: New Generation Farmer Cooperatives: The Development Process
Available from the UW Center for Cooperatives. It provides highlights from the 1998 Cooperative Development Training Conference.

Walton Bean Growers' Cooperative
A Case Study
Prepared for the North Central Initiative for Small Farm Profitability
By the University of Wisconsin Center for Cooperatives
Funded by the Initiative for Future Agriculture amp&; Food Systems
A progfam of the United States Department of Agriculture
By Nalinee Thongchua, Greg Lawless, and Maria Powell
Completed July 2002 Updated January 2003

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