University of Wisconsin Center for Cooperatives
Journal of Agricultural Cooperation

Title A Comment on Sapiro's "True Farmer Cooperation"
Author(s) Leon Garoyan
Series Volume 8
Issue Date 1993
Abstract Sapiro’s article is silent on the advantage of federated cooperatives versus centralized marketing associations. My understanding is he accepted either form of organization, so long as it gave commodity control. Many California cooperatives started as federations but later became centralized. Given the market organizations of the 1990s, those cooperatives that still remain as federations will wish they were centralized.
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